Working in Teams: A Study

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Working in teams: Final project Task 1 Almost everyone has been on a team at some point in his or her existence, either a sports team as a child or a team at work or in school. The language of 'teamwork' suggests that being on a team is innately different than being a member of a group. "Teams differ from other type of groups in that members are focused on a joint goal or product, such as a presentation, completing in-class exercises, taking notes, discussing a topic, writing a report, or creating a new design or prototype" (Pyatt 2007). An individual can be a member of a group like 'the student body' or 'Europeans' simply by virtue of his or her identity, but a team requires a sense of voluntary association and mission. However, there is a great deal of dispute in the literature as to what constitutes a team. One common definition is: "a team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they are mutually accountable" (Katzenbach and Smith, 1993, cited by Pyatt 2007). Another definition is "people working together in a committed way to achieve a common goal or mission. The work is interdependent and team members share responsibility and hold themselves accountable for attaining the results" (MIT Information Services and Technology, cited by Pyatt 2007). The most common types of teams used in the workplace are: problem-solving teams, self-managed work teams, cross-fictional teams,
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