World At War, The 20th Century

2947 Words12 Pages
HI270- World at War, The 20th Century Dr. Pursell July 02, 2015 The Name May Change, the Pain Remains the Same A HISTORY OF WARTIME POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS IN THE 20TH CENTURY War takes a toll on those who fight, or are affected by it, this is undeniable. Over the course of the 20th Century, within the U.S. Military and Psychiatric Community the way that this effect is identified and treated has changed many times based on the conflict and the mindset of the American public. The purpose of this report is to discuss the history of the mental effect of the trauma created by US involvement in wars within the 20th Century and the steps that were taken in those eras to predict, prepare and treat for those effects. It is first important to understand what traumatic stress is, and what traumatic stress can cause. A traumatic stressor is defined as a catastrophic stressor that is outside the normal range of usual human experience (Friedman, A Brief History of the PTSD Diagnosis 2013). Traumatic stressors are very common and sometimes repetitive in warfare due to being involved in or witnessing killing, torture and widespread devastation. In addition to this, the continued threat of death or injury to self or others can be considered traumatic (Pols and Oak 2007). The repetition of these traumatic events and the stress caused by these events can manifest itself in physiological and psychological disorders which, over the course of the 20th century have changed names and
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