World Class Zoos : The Issue On The Status Of Global Biodiversity Heighten, The International Zoo Movement Essay
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As concerns on the status of global biodiversity heighten, the international zoo movement has gradually adopted conservation as its mantra. World-class zoos have invested substantially in species conservation and animal research as part of their involvement in wildlife conservation. However, zoo exhibit interpretation, policy development, and strategic planning are yet to be organized around a well-developed agenda with a clear set of conservation objectives (Conway, 1995). The zoo community seeks improved relevance to society by contributing to restoration of biological diversity, but faces special challenges to meeting this admirable goal of effectively support conservation of local and global biological diversity.
Because of increasing environmental impacts from human activities, a growing number of captive breeding programs are being initiated to salvage endangered species and/or populations from extinction (IUCN 199; Seddon et al., 2007). Historically, many of these programs have been met with considerable difficulty (Philippart, 1995, Snyder et al., 1996; Frankham, 2008). There are some basic provisions that are common to all including aspects of animal such as animal accommodation and facilities; special needs of particular species, animal welfare and nutrition, veterinary attention and facilities, hygiene, emergency procedures, staff training and facilities (Macdonald and Charlton, 2000). But lives of animals in nowadays zoos are being endangered as these basic