World History AP

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Chapter 4 Big Picture Questions 1. What common features can you identify in the empires described in this chapter? • All empires controlled large areas and populations. • All empires were brought together by conquest and funded in part by extracting wealth from conquered peoples. • All empires stimulated the exchange of ideas, cultures, and values among the peoples they conquered. • All empires sought to foster an imperial identity that transcended more local identities and loyalties. • All empires ultimately collapsed. 2. In what ways did these empires differ from one another? What accounts for those differences? • Some empires sought to rule through local elites; other empires sought to rule with a more centralized power…show more content…
• The most distinctive feature of Greek political culture lay in the extent of popular participation in political life that occurred within the city-states. This participation was based on the unique ideas of “citizenship,” of free people running the affairs of state, and of equality for all citizens before the law. Political participation in Greek city-states was much wider than in Persia, but it varied considerably between city-states and over time. Early in Greek history, only the wealthy and wellborn had the rights of full citizenship, but middle- and lower-class men gradually obtained these rights in some city-states. • Nowhere was participation universal. The widest participation occurred in Athens beginning in 594 b.c.e., when the reforming leader Solon took Athenian politics in a more democratic direction, breaking the hold of a small group of aristocratic families. Debt slavery was abolished, access to public office was opened to a wider group of men, and all citizens were allowed to take part in the Assembly. Later, all holders of public office were chosen by lot and were paid, so that even the poorest could serve. Athenian democracy was direct rather than representative. Even at its height, it was far from universal, with well over half the population, including women, slaves, and foreigners, excluded from participation. 2. Why did semidemocratic

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