World Religions Midterm 1

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1. Theological Arguments: Theism vs. Atheism
Assuming God to have, at least, the properties of omnipotence, omniscience and ‘omni-goodness’ (being all-good) evaluate one argument for the existence of God and one argument against the existence of God. Explain each argument and show why it is potentially helpful or dangerous for the theist. Then, explain which of these arguments you find more convincing, and why.

2.Comparing Religions: Compare the worldview of one of the monotheistic religions we have discussed with one other religion we have studied, mono or polytheistic. Explain three specific points of similarity and three clear differences in each world view. Given these similarities and differences, would you say the two
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While Mesopotamia’s Anu and Canaan’s El were pursuing their aloof ways, Yahweh speaks the name of Abraham, lifting his people out of slavery, and seeks out the lonely, heartsick Jewish exiles in Babylon. God is a God of righteousness, whose loving-kindness is from everlasting to everlasting and whose tender mercies are in all his works.”

What are the two ways in which the Jewish conception of God differs in the character ascribed to God compared to the polytheistic traditions at the time?

Mediterranean gods were immoral, vindictive, and capricious. The Jewish god was a god of righteousness, loving, and kind. The Jews were monotheists, the others were polytheists.

What two things converge in a God-created world that gives life and existence its unimpeachable worth? (276) “Whatever else the word God may mean, it means a being in whom power and value converge a being whose will cannot be thwarted and whose will is good. In this sense, to affirm that existence is God-created is to affirm its impeachable worth.”

How does the Jewish view of nature compare to the general outlook in India and East Asia? (278)

“Fresh as the morning of Creation, nature was to be relished. The abundance of food made the Promise Land a ‘good land, a land with flowing streams, with springs and underground waters welling up in valleys and hills, a land of wheat and barley, of vines
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