World War I And The Era Of The Twentieth Century Essay

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Albert Einstein once said,” Nationalism is an infantile disease. It is the measles of mankind.” Nationalism has played a significant role throughout history. Nationalism can be defined as having a sense of belonging and loyalty to one 's state or country. With growing middle classes and their desire to expand political power modern nationalism arose to create equal liberty and equality for all. (Mescevic) In the twentieth century new forms of nationalism emerged. In the United States, the basis of nationalism was not ethnicity, but a shared belief of democracy, principles, rule of law and individual rights. The Soviet Union, an important superpower of the twentieth century, saw a rise of nationalism while trying to expand the idea of communism worldwide. In Nazi Germany, Nazism represented an extreme form of nationalism. Italian nationalism became apparent in World War I and the era of Italian fascism. Growing nationalism in China was used to modernize imperialist encroachment. Imperial Japan saw a spark of nationalism during their westernization period. Arab Nationalism became the basis for alienation and loss of national identity for many indigenous Jews and other minorities of Arab countries. As you can see, nationalism impacted every area of the world. The essence of nationalism is a unifying, all-persuasive act to unify a country and its people as one. During the twentieth century, the United States was the liberal, modern nation-state and a pure example of
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