World War I: How Submarines Were Widely Used In Warfare

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World War I was the first time that submarines were widely used in warfare. The revolutionary technology was initially brought into the war by Germany, who called these submarines Unterseeboot. The initial intention for using submarines were coastal defense, blockades of enemy ships, and lookouts. The earliest wartime vessels were rudimentary and used diesel engines, giving them a 4,000 mile range, however, they moved very slowly and could not stay under the surface for long. This was a limitation of the optional war strategies available to the submarines. Most German U-boats carried defensive missiles and also included anti-aircraft guns. The U-boats were incredibly stealthy, staying submerged until locking onto a target. Then the submarines
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