World War I: Military Revolutions and the Onset of a New Era

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Question: How did the convergence of "Military Revolutions" contribute to the costly and indecisive character of World War I? World War One: Military Revolutions and the Onset of a New Era World War I was the beginning of the idea of industrial war, involving the productive power of entire nations, and despite massive casualties and cost, neither alliance could achieve decisive operational or strategic victory. The onset of the industrial revolution in the 19th century, as well as the increasing stakes of the colonial contest in the world contributed to the onset of war. More importantly to the beginning of WWI, however, was the convergence of military revolutions, which became a dumping ground for factory jobs and constantly growing industrial production. The various nations anticipated fighting a war among the great powers before 1914 and made plans based on observations of recent wars and prevailing doctrine. The failure of those plans coupled with evolving weapons technologies resulted in a prolonged stalemate and enormous losses of personnel and equipment. Both sides tried innovations to break the deadlock. Pre-war doctrine of what World War I would look like, as well as the plans formed in the precursory years was deeply flawed from the outset. The 19th century had been defined by colonial expansion and naval combat, a massive land war in Europe had not been fought since the days of Napoleon Bonaparte. Pre-war planning involved the assumption that inventions
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