World War II: A Just War

1031 WordsJul 7, 20185 Pages
“Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 -- a date which will live in infamy -- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan…It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.” (Senate Document No. 148) This speech would echo through history as the moment the United States officially entered the most costly five year period in all of human history. President Roosevelt continued stating multiple islands and American…show more content…
The legitimate defense of a nation and the responsibility of the Security Council to take actions in the course of maintaining peace within its areas of influence. With the establishment of United Nations and the modernization of war and its materials; the theories and doctrines of the past also needed to evolve. The modern Just war theory in composed of two principles: jus ad bellum, the right to conduct war, and jus in bello, the correct conduct within war. Each principle also has its own set of criteria to follow. Jus ad bellum contains six: Just cause, right intention, proper authority and public declaration, last resort, probability of success, and proportionality. (Orend, 2006) Just cause is the justification of waging war. The simplest way to achieve this is for the nations to defend itself from being physically and aggressively attacked by another nation. The United States and its allies were able to accomplish this. By 1939 Europe was in turmoil and Great Britain and France were watching on in horror as Hitler’s Nazi Germany had steam rolled through Czechoslovakia and Poland; and later in 1940 sweeping through France. The United States faced physical aggression by Japan, and only then was there a call to war. Prior to the events in early December, the U.S. wanted to remain distanced from the war in terms of man power; but not material. The Allies of a matter of self-defense and coming to the defense of others, as well
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