World War II : The Cold War

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After World War II came to a stop in the mid-20th century, a new rivalry began known as the Cold War. This battle sorrowed the world’s two great powers the democratic, capitalist United States and the communist Soviet Union against each other. Beginning in the late 1950s, space would become another tense stage for this competition, as each side wanted to prove the superiority of its technology, its military firepower and by extension its political-economic system. There were a lot that led up prior to the space race. The United States came out of World War II with a huge amount of strategic bomber force and they already used atom bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Since the Soviet Union did not have equal amount weapons and bases, they started manufacturing rockets and ballistic missiles capable of intercontinental range. Policymakers of USA felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer sufficient to contain the USSR in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States .The National Security Act of 1947 created the National Security Council. The function of the NSC as outlined in the 1947 act was to suggest the President on integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies relating to national security and to facilitate interagency cooperation. At the President 's direction, the NSC could also determine and evaluate risks to U.S. national security, scrutinize policies, and then report or make recommendations to the President.

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