World War II: The Manhattan Project (MED)

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The Manhattan Engineer District (MED), commonly known as the Manhattan Project, was “an Anglo-American bomb project during World War II” (“Manhattan Project” [Greenwood Encyclopedia of International Relations]). The project was formed and given its code name in 1942. The bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese sparked the official formation of the Manhattan Project and increased the rate of atomic research. This project created multiple weapons of mass destruction, two of which were wielded against the Japanese. This development aided in ending World War II (“Manhattan Project” [Salem Press]). Opinions regarding the conclusion of the project vary. Some scholars assume that the project ended with the completion of the bombing of Hiroshima and …show more content…

Groves was born in Albany, New York, and graduated from West Point (“Manhattan Project” [Columbia Encyclopedia]). From there he joined the Army Corps of Engineers and was tasked with overseeing the creation of the first atomic weapon (“Groves, Leslie Richard”). His meager budget of about six thousand dollars turned into two million, which was used to create a new class of destructive weapons (“Manhattan Project” [Britannica Concise Encyclopedia]). He also advised President Truman on when and where to drop the atomic bombs on Japan in World War II. When the project was completed, he turned it over to the Atomic Energy Commission. After retiring for the Manhattan Project, he wrote Now It Can Be Told, a glimpse into the secret project itself (“Manhattan Project” [Columbia …show more content…

One of the men he summoned was J. Robert Oppenheimer, who would become one of the most important scientists of the Manhattan Project. He was nicknamed the “Father of the Atomic Bomb” due to his contributions to the research of nuclear weapons (“Oppenheimer, J. Robert” [The Reader's Companion to American History]). His responsibilities included “organizing and building the main research laboratory of the project” and researching ways to create first atomic bomb (“Oppenheimer, J. Robert” [Science in a Contemporary World]). Seven locations would have to be set up or bought to accomplish his goal, one of which Oppenheimer managed himself. After the project was disbanded, he worked at the Institute of Advanced Study and sat on the council of the Atomic Energy Commission. Even though his security clearance was revoked in 1954, he still made a significant impact on the science behind atomic weapons (“Oppenheimer, J. Robert” [The Reader's Companion to American History]). In 2004, the Atomic Energy Commission and Senate agreed to honor Dr. Oppenheimer and his work (Congressional

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