Gender is an often a contentious term, feminist scholars have introduced this vital term to the language of international relations. Since its inception, gender is most prominent in distinguishing the differences between male and female, however it has articulated different interpretations by both parties in different realms of thought. The duration of this paper will help to explore the different definitions of gender and its associations with the practices of war. This paper will look into how power is used as a gendering tool to exert ones dominance over the other, with a close look at how rape is used as a tactical tool for warfare. As society portrays women as vulnerable, helpless victims, this paper seeks to look into how power can influence women as the perpetrator but also an option for resolution in conflict.
Although many people argue against integrating women into military combat there are many reasons why women should be allowed to fight for their country. 1920 was a big year for women, it being the year women were able to vote, thanks to the 19th amendment. Being the year women were allowed the right to vote, thanks to the 19th amendment, 1920 was a big year for women. After this monumental achievement numerous other barriers were being broken down and as time went on women were slowly gaining power and equality. However, even though the rights of women have increased over time there still are a few hurdles that have to be overcome; one of which is being able to fight in military combat.
Including women in war is critically unwarranted. The female gender does not have rights, therefore, they are against being pushed into war. Women did not want to send their sons to war due to the possibility of them being affected by the war. Since the draft started at 21, women do not want their children risking their lives at such a young age.
Feminists and women’s activist groups would have us believe that women are equal in strength, skill level, and in every form as men. Some women are attempting to get into the front lines of combat using lines such as: “it would increase the number of available soldiers”, “women can be as strong as men”, “there won 't be any
Many people question if women went into the war because of patriotism or because they lacked other opportunities. Women responded to the call differently depending on age, race, class, marital status, and number of children. They switch from lower-paying female jobs to higher-paying factory jobs. While patriotism influenced women,
In terms of modern-day combat, women do not have an equal opportunity to survive."(Messay, 3) Some argue that it is a women 's right to be in combat, but anyone will agree that equal opportunity does not play part in combat. "Feminists and their supporters want to gender-neutralize the military be incrementally ditching common sense policies. This latest study, which claims that women can be trained to be like men, contributes to this misguided ideology, weakens the force structure at its core, and puts America 's military personnel in peril." continues Lt. Col. Maginnis. (Messay, 3) When we try to force and shove women into dangerous situations, we are ignoring their rights instead of protecting them. The dropout rate for women is higher than for men. Leading the dropout rates are white women with an average rate of 43%, followed by black women at 33% and Hispanic women with 31% (Park). This can be directly pointed to the physical demands that a women faced in basic training.
Throughout world history, there have been countless numbers of war that each occurred under very different circumstances for the countries participating. However, each war commonly took the lives of millions, breaking apart families and destroying cities. The 1900’s was a very unique time period because of the dramatic changes in warfare. New weapons were gradually introduced that increased the amount of damage that could be done with each addition. Over time cannons were replaced by machine guns and eventually nuclear weapons were experimented with. As stronger weapons were introduced, death tolls increased drastically. From the years 1910 to 1990, women across the globe passionately took stands not only against war, but against the extremities of the nuclear arms race.
The majority of my pro sources are in agreement with me that women should not go into combat and the con sources are not in disagreement they are just expressing another viewpoint, like should the government mandate the decision on women entering the infantry. Most of the authorities on this issue and authors believe that America will take a second look at this issue of women going into combat when our mothers and daughters are sent home in body bags and in pieces. It is worst enough to see your sons come home like that but your daughters are a whole different ball game.
“Should Women Head Into Combat?” National Journal, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints In Context, go.galegroup.com.catalog.stisd.net:2048/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=j031916004&v=2.1&it=r&id=GALE|A295443049&asid=8445d2f3fc63af3ae9ac94cfdd3067fd. Accessed Dec. 2017.
A researcher and writer of women in security roles, published author and lecturer at the University of Sydney. Dr. Megan H Mackenzie, wrote “Let Women Fight,” published in 2012 in Foreign Affairs. Mackenzie argues that despite popular belief in the United States women can indeed serve in combat roles next to men. Mackenzie begins by addressing some issues she has with the proponents citing research and statistics, while also appealing to ethos and logos. The tone that Mackenzie uses as well as the credible sources and appeals to the audience led me to believe the persuasive elements.
Girls and boys have similar test scores, and in some places, boys even dominate. In reading, “79 percent of elementary schoolgirls” and “72 percent of boys” can “read at a level deemed proficient” (p.11). The statistics on test scores are almost equal, proving that girls are not forging ahead in education and leaving the boys in the dust. In math, “boys and girls are about equal” (p.11). Many education experts worry that boys are failing, but they have nothing to worry about. Actually, “62 percent of kids who earn perfect 2,400 scores on the SAT are boys” (p.12). So, girls are not only equal to the boys, but boys even lead in some places. If women were to dominate the world, they’d have to be more intelligent than men, and test scores do not prove that. Girls have simply caught up to boys in academics. Just as girls don’t “dominate” in school, women don’t take over the workplace either. Men are likely to work in summer jobs like construction, so dominance will shift “with men predominant in the summers and women in winters.” (p.3). Since the workplace is more or less balanced, there’s no need to worry that because women are excelling, men are getting worse. Women are not taking over the world and the dawn of an era without men is not coming. Women are not going to “dominate” because they are not really “ahead” of men. They are simply working towards being
The first argument supporting women in combat is that some or many women are more physically capable then many men. Some women are able to do tasks better than men. For example, like welding or getting in small spaces that men are not capable to go. Woman's Soldier's fingers are thinner and it would be a lot easier to dismantle a bomb or complete tasks that require you to work your fingers in small
One study (Binkin & Bach) found that many NATO and several WARSAW PACT countries employed women in combat roles during World War II. Russia was reported as using military women on the front lines. In Israel, where they are actually conscripted, women have also experienced armed combat. (Binkin & Bach) found that in the first phase of Israel’s war of Liberation, one out of every five soldiers was female and they shared equality in both offensive and defensive battle situations. Holm found that some 7,500 military women served in S.E. Asia during the Vietnam War. She maintains that these women proved the modern American military woman is fully capable of functioning effectively in a military role in a combat environment, even under direct hostile fire.
War is inevitable because of opposing views and conflicting opinions. During these hard times, women, although rarely recognized, played a big part in the success of our country. They made their mark during World War Two when they took over the jobs of men and proved they are just as efficient in the workplace. There has been a dramatic change since then. Women have found their identity through these hardships; which in return, has set the pace for the years to come and narrowed the gap of the social norm of women in the work place.
Through much of our time as a nation, there has been a major question asked when our people and allies are faced with evil. That major question is “do we go to war or do we engage in diplomatic solutions?”. This is has been a point of contention that varies depending upon where a person was raised, what the person’s basic belief structure is, and even what demographic they fall into. One thing is for certain, partisan affiliation in America has a great deal to do with how a person will answer an affront to the United States. Since most women tend to go the Democrat route due to the standard beliefs of women versus men, I will be highlighting women’s roles; but mostly leave the discussion as one between Democrats and Republicans.