Imagine a world where the social and economic conditions for the farm workers and immigrants get worst year by year, where the discrimination among these people growth and never decline. What would happen to farm workers if Dolores Huerta shouldn’t have made any action to change their situation? This same question should be in the mind of many Americans who don’t appreciate all the effort and work that Huerta put in to change our nation. Persistent, powerful, brave, strong, simply a heroin are the best words to describe Dolores Huerta, who is one of the most important women who contributed to the creation of an equal and fair society in the United States because, she founded the Agricultural Workers Association (AWA) and also she helped create the National United Farm Workers Association (UFWA) with Cesar Chavez, she helped organize a nationwide boycott of abusive grape growers, and she founded the Dolores Huerta Foundation.
According to Gloria Anzaldua her childhood was not the brightest of them all. She was of Mexican descent raised in the United States of America. In the 70s Spanish settlers were looked down upon. There was no exception for her. She was criticized for being Mexican and a lesbian. When she was in school the teachers would get her in trouble for talking in Spanish when she was only telling the teacher how to properly pronounce her name. Through all the obstacles in her path she was still able to academically achieve and become a school teacher. Before passing away in 2004 Gloria wrote some great articles of what she went through that went off and are still used in today’s time.
Esperanza has a variety of female role models in her life. Many are trapped in abusive relationships, waiting for others to change their live. A female role model or friends seems to be important to Esperanza. Some of the women that are her role models are, Esperanza's great-grandmother, Marin, and Rafaela. Even though she may not have known these women very well they still impacted her life immensely , some showed the way that Esperanza did not want to live in her life to information about boys she found interesting.
Dolores Huerta, an activist that fought alongside her husband, known as Cesar Chavez, said “When you are organizing a group of people, the first thing that we do is we talk about the history of what other people have been able to accomplish - people that look like them, workers like them, ordinary people, working people - and we give them the list: these are people like yourself; this is what they were able, to do in their community.” Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta founded the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA), now known as United Farm Workers (UFW). They Fought for basic human rights in the agricultural field. They demanded wages they can live off of, and they fought for bathrooms in the fields, and anything else they felt was necessary for a farm worker. Now, it does not seem like much, but it had a significant impact on the economy. They were behind boycotted farm growers and wineries. Stocks went down for
In countless circumstances, especially in the work force, there are oppressors and there are those who are oppressed against. If one chooses to permit the act of being demoted upon then they will continue to be underestimated and continue to be mistreated. For those who are petrified of speaking out regarding unjust situations they endure, there are people that are willing to promote and try to stop the unjust ways people face when working. Generally in the society we live in today, men do not think women are in any way superior or could make a difference; whether that be in politics or the type of profession that women chooses to practice. Certain people cannot comprehend or step out of this negative critical view point they have towards
After all Chávez persisted active in the fight for justice and in his proficiency to organize nonviolent demonstrations for workers and civil rights his entire life, the battle he began continues today through the United Farm Workers Union which protects and advocates for the rights of farm workers. In addition, Chávez's example and the accomplishments of UFW inspired
Between the 1930s and 1950s, the United States government created and implemented labor laws including establishing the minimum wage. However, in every single one of those laws, farm workers were left out. Because of this, farm workers were able to be paid and treated any way their employer wished. This spawned a series of protests that evolved into a labor union, led by a man named Cesar Chavez. Cesar Chavez’s actions during the labor movement make him deserving of the La Raza award because he achieved equal rights for farm workers without the use of violence, and he united people throughout his protests.
She was responsible, stood up to Trujillo, and followed her dreams to go to college and obtain a
With the increase in salary many Mexicans would feel the money made would be enough to support their family, and live a more comfortable life. The growth of immigrants sparked around the 1970’s, and continued to grow as decades passed. According to the pewhispanic.org the immigrant population had a seventeen fold increase from the decades before. (seven hundred sixty thousand immigrants were currently in the United States in the nineteen seventies.) Even with the increase in salary Mexican americans were still unsatisfied, and believed they deserved more money, more respect, and less racial segregation. The leader of the United Farm Workers movement Cesar Chavez helped organize boycotts and strikes against the farm owners, and got others to stop buying grapes; this severely hurt the grape growing business. Not only did the increase in salary encourage others to immigrate to the United States, but better working conditions did as well. With more immigrants entering the United States, many Mexicans would find themselves to be illegally in the US. Chavez was strongly against those who were in the US illegally and would refuse to help them. Though these people were not receiving the UFW benefits, it encouraged them to apply for citizenship.
By the end of the program, farm labor unions began to form which eventually led to the abolishment of laws stating it was illegal to organize farm labor. This lead the way to the grape strikes in California and the boycotts in stores, lead by Filipino farm workers. After the first strike several various organizations began to form and led similar movements around the country. Through the 1960s to the 1980s, Cesar Chavez was a major inspiration to such movements and organizations. One of the most notable protests was when Chavez and the UFW marched from the Coachella Valley to the Mexican
According to the documentary, Viva La Causa, farmworkers have gained minimum wages, rights, and a union. During the strike, the Delano growers had connections with the police, therefore, they were armed with strong forces against the picketers. The picketers were cruelly treated and we know this because the article, Fighting for Farmworkers' Rights: Cesar Chavez, The Delano Grape Strike and Boycott stated, “Picketers were sprayed with pesticides, threatened with dogs, verbally assaulted, and physically attacked.” However, Cesar Chavez responded with the nonviolent way of sending his allies in the clergy to walk the picket lines. In June of 1975, The California Agricultural Labor Relations Act, the only law in the country that protects farmworkers’ right to unionize, was passed. The act stated, in Section III: Unfair Labor Practices, “The purpose of establishing an Unfair Labor Practice (ULP) procedure is to prevent employers and unions from interfering with, restraining or coercing farm workers in the exercise of their rights as defined by the
Cesar Chavez had a view that all races work together for one goal, he had the strikers of Delano take a “solemn vow of nonviolence” (Cesar Chavez Foundation, chavezfoundatio.org, ‘Against All Odds’: Cesar Chavez & the Delano Grape Strike). Chavez followed the examples set forth by M.K. Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. by using the nonviolence strategy. However for the first time in American History, Chavez used an untested method when he boycotted using California table grapes. The outcome surfaced an exceptional result of major support from outside the Central Valley. The UFW received support from other unions, church activists, and students and civil rights groups. The step was initiated when Cesar Chavez led a 300-mile march that started in Delano and ended at the State Capital of Sacramento. The union garnered National attention across the country and it gave birth and served as the UFW’s stand against unjust treatment against minority
United Farm Workers: The United Farm workers are a labor union that was created solely for the farmworkers in the United States. The origins of this labor union came about from two different existing organizations known as the “Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee led by Larry Itliong and the National Farm Workers Association led by Cesar Chavez, and Dolores Huerta. These two organizations decided to work together to fight stronger together for their rights. This term relates to our reading because they are known for the “grape strike” that took place in 1965 in Delano, California. The labor union wanted to fight for their rights against the social injustices between the owners, and the farmers. In our text’s we have seen this constant mistreatment of owners, and their workers, through poor pay, rights, and belittlement because of their cultural ethnicity.
Throughout the era of the great depression, migrant farm workers were put at unfair labor. A man named Cesar Chavez helped migrant farm workers by boycotting the fruit companies they worked for and forming unions for them. The beginning of Chavez’s life, striking and boycotting fruit companies, and his new projects were the biggest impact in changing farm worker’s lives.
Mary MacKillop was born in Fitzroy, Melbourne on January the 15th 1842. She was the first child to Alexander MacKillop and Flora MacDonald. Mary was one child out of 8 and spent most of her childhood years looking after and acting like a second mother to her siblings. The MacKillop family were quite poor so at the young age of 14, Mary got herself a job as a governess and as teacher at a Portland school. All the money Mary earned went towards her families everyday living. While working as a governess, Mary met Father Julian Tension Woods. By the time Mary had reached the age of 15 she had decided that she wanted to be a nun. She also wanted to devote her life to the poor and less fortunate. So upon meeting Father Julian Tension Woods she