Xanthine Research Paper

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Xanthine and its derivatives belong to the class of purine alkaloids. They are natural bases having nitrogen atoms in molecular structure and they have strong physiological effect on human and animal organisms. Alkyl-xanthines represent a major class of adenosine receptor agonist/antagonist, with theophylline and caffeine as prototypes. Xanthines exert bronchospasmolytic, neuroprotectant, anti-diabetic, mono-amine oxidase modulator and also cardiac effects via various mechanisms. Xanthine and its derivatives are usually anti-inflammatory and are also used in the treatment of asthma. The other therapeutic areas of xanthine are cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, at heart, as vascular agents due to diuretic effect and also possess excellent CNS-penetration
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