Xenophobia And Racism In John Steinbeck's Of Mice And Men

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The Legacy of 20th Century Xenophobia and Racism
“She turned on him in scorn. ‘Listen, Nigger,’ she said. ‘You know what I can do to you if you open your trap?’ Crooks stared hopelessly at her, and then he sat down on his bunk and drew into himself” (Steinbeck 116-117). In Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck, the author presents motifs such as xenophobia and racism in the 1900’s with the example of the African American, Crooks. Although Crooks lived in an era without segregation and slavery, racism towards him was clearly imminent. Furthermore, not only did African Americans face the wrath of discrimination, but women did as well. In fact, this type of oppression was caused by xenophobia, which is also demonstrated throughout the novel with the rejection of Curley’s wife. Specifically, George and Lennie eye Curley’s wife as a threat simply for being a lady. In the present day, these ideas, xenophobia and racism, have caused the creation of more discriminatory paradigms. Therefore, xenophobia and racism in the 1900’s have caused the development of racist ideas in the current day such as Islamophobia and police brutality. Although African Americans and women were being discriminated in the 19th century, in the 21st century, this type of attitude has now transitioned toward a specific religion. Islamophobia, also known as the fear of Islam, has become odiously popular after the despicable 9/11 attacks. Due to terrorists claiming they are of Islamic descent , society has

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