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They both Jump started the rise in population. The agricultural revolution happened first about 10,000 years ago. People began to grow crops, raise domestic animals, and live sedentary lifestyles. People began to live longer and produce more children. During the mid-1700s, the industrial revolution greatly increased population. It was a shift from an agricultural society to an urban society powered by fossil fuels. What is "the tragedy o the commons"? Explain how the concept might apply to an unregulated industry that is a source of water pollution? The tragedy of the commons was written by Garret Hardin. Hardin argued that unregulated exploitation would cause environmental depletion. What is environmental science? Name several…show more content…
What is environmental ethics? Ethics is a branch of philosophy that involves the study of good and bad, of right and wrong. It includes theories such as relativism and universalism. Virtue, Categorical Imperative, and the principle of utility are three ethical standards. Environmental ethics is the application of ethical standards to relationships between humans and nonhuman entities. Compare and contrast anthropocentrism, biocentrism, and ecocentrism. Anthropocentrism describes a human-centered view of our relationship with the environment. An anthropocentric denies or ignores the notion that nonhuman entities can have rights. In contrast biocentrism ascribes value to certain living things or to the biotic realm in general. In this perpective human life and non human life both have ethical standing. Ecocentrism judges actions in terms of their effects on whole ecological systems, which consist of living and nonliving elements and the relationships among them. Differentiate between the preservation ethic and the conservation ethic. Explain the contributions of John Muir and Gifford Pinchot in the history of environmental ethics. The preservation ethic hold that we should protect our environment in a pristine, unaltered state whereas the conservation ethic people should put natural resources to use but that we have a responsibility to manage them wisely. John Muir argued that nature deserved protection for its own inherent value, but he also maintained that nature
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