Yearly, around six hundred to nine hundred people are diagnosed with Aplastic Anemia within the

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Yearly, around six hundred to nine hundred people are diagnosed with Aplastic Anemia within the United States. Aplastic Anemia is a autoimmune hematological disorder that causes pancytopenia which is a reduction in major blood components, namely, erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. This disease has been labelled as a type of bone marrow failure, that is often due to not one but a variety of disorders that occur simultaneously. Aplastic Anemia can therefore be defined as a bone marrow disorder that is often rare, non contagious, and can often be life threatening.

immunity explained on a cellular level
Although Aplastic Anemia is idiopathic, meaning the cause of this disorder is still unknown. Researches suggests that triggers can
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They are known as T- Lymphocytes and B-Lymphocytes. B-cells are usually distinguished with humoral immunity because b-cells circulate freely through the lymph system. Whereas T-cells are distinguished by humoral immune response because they act with antigens within other cells. Once these lymphocyte have been produced with the help of bone marrow stromal cells (which are a type of stem cell that is present in red bone marrow) they are released into the blood stream where they travel up to the thymus, and other lymphoid organs. When B-cells, also known as memory cells, leave the bone marrow, they become activated (true b-cells) This process involves the addition of a membrane protein known as immunoglobin M. (IgM) This membrane protein acts a receptor for antigens. Therefore they can said to be the binding site for antibodies. Once an antigen attaches itself to IgM receptor, a signal transduction pathway occurs through tails that descend down into the cells cytoplasm causing them to release antibodies. The second cell type, T-cells, are produced in the bone marrow, through the the same way B-cells are produced. The only difference is they mature in the thymus. This occurs because they undergo genetic recombination of their alpha

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