Yellowstone National Park Essay

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Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park is one of the largest and oldest national parks in American history. Yellowstone was the first park to be protected by private investment on March 1, 1872, and the first to be put under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service in 1918, no doubt due to its unique and inspiring landscape and geothermal features. In fact, Yellowstone National Park is home to half of the world’s total hydrothermal features. These awesome attractions draw an incredible amount of visitors, an average of two to three million each year, to Yellowstone’s immense landscape. The park has a total size of 28,125 square miles, is found in three distinct states, and is considered to be one of the largest
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This large amount of people has prompted legislative action to clearly define the park’s borders in 1929, and has also inspired park management programs to protect the area’s native wolf and grizzly bear population. Tourism to the area has also prompted Yellowstone’s Lake Trout problem, believed to be the product of visitors’ introduction of this unnative species to the Yellowstone Lake and River. The exotic lake trout has few natural predators in the Yellowstone area, and the expansion of a lake trout population in this area is likely to lead in an abrupt decline oft the favorable native cutthroat trout population as it has in other western lakes. This poses some serious problems for Yellowstone waterways as the cutthroat trout is known as a major food source for 42 species of mammals and birds. The cutthroat trout is also favored by the thousands of anglers who visit Yellowstone each year, and it has been projected that the deterioration of the cutthroat trout population could eventually lead to a three-decade economic loss of $640 million in possible Yellowstone National Park revenues and the further endangerment of the grizzly bear and bald eagle (two major feeders of cutthroat trout) (Schullery, Paul). The soil and biotic/abiotic features of the park vary greatly depending on the area of park being studied. The volcanic rock that underlies the
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