Zika Virus And Microcephaly : Analysis

2156 Words Mar 29th, 2016 9 Pages
ZIKA VIRUS AND MICROCEPHALY
By definition microcephaly is a clinical finding which is defined when the head circumference of a fetus or newborn is less than the expected for that stage of pregnancy or gender. (Soares de Araújo et al., 2016) Some of the signs and symptoms seen in children with microcephaly include a very small head, difficulty feeding, high pitched cries, neurological features such as seizures, spasticity or rigidity of arms and legs and developmental delays. (Microcephaly Epi Alert 2016). Microcephaly normally has an incidence of one in every 6,250 to 8500 live births and is an indicator of an undersized brain. (Soares de Araújo et al., 2016). However, this incidence has increased by 2% to 8% in Brazil since December 2015, as reported from the Pediatric Cardiology and Perinatology Network Database from Northeast Brazil. (Soares de Araújo et al., 2016) A situation report published by WHO on March 17, 2016 stated that “between 22 October 2015 and 12 March 2016 a total of 6480 cases of microcephaly and/or central nervous system (CNS) malformation were reported by Brazil including 182 deaths. This contrasts with the period from 2001 to 2014, when an average of 163 microcephaly cases was recorded nationwide per year”. (WHO Situation Report, 2016) The French Polynesia has also reported an association between of Zika virus infection and an increased incidence of microcephaly. (Garcia, 2016) There were a reported 9 cases of microcephaly compared with the usual…
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