Zimbabwe's Struggle For Human Rights Abuses

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Introduction In the modern diamond market, there is a plethora of minerals waiting to be mined. Within Africa’s southern region, Zimbabwe has found diamonds to be a vital commodity in sustaining the country. In order to reach these minerals, mining companies must find a steady supply of labor to mine and sort the diamonds before they are later “sold rough” in wholesale to dealers, distributed to be cut, polished, and turned into jewelry at manufacturing plants, and marketed by retailers to finally be sold to customers. (Levin, 2014, p.24). Zimbabwe’s main mine is Marange Field, a mine run by the government that handles unofficial “conflict diamonds” – diamonds used to finance rebellious wars. (Nicholas, 2012, p.650) Although technically “conflict free” under the Kimberly Process, Zimbabwe over the past 15 years has continued to commit human rights abuses. Allowed by Zimbabwe’s government influence and the high supply of desperate families living in poverty available to mine for the precious gems, a thriving international industry emerged. This control of desperation allows producers of Marange Fields to use forced labor within the supply chain. (Baker, 2015, p. 65) Although Zimbabwe is by the United Nations’ definition providing “conflict-free” diamonds, it is evident that individuals are being trafficked and abused in the mining stage of production. Research reveals systematic methodologies of trafficking within the Marange Fields mine and how regulations within the

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