Zimbardo 's Stanford Prison Experiment

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The Asch’s experiment is very closely related to Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment and Milgrams experiment of obedience, in which the researcher tries to explain and demonstrate how easily human beings can be persuaded into unusual behaviour by higher figures in authority, or by the opinions of the group of people around them. For the experiment the participants were put in groups, eight subjects were seated around a table, with carefully picked out seating plans to prevent any suspicion. Only one subject was a genuine participant, the rest being confederates (assistants of the experiment), carefully tutored to give pre-selected responses. At first the confederates answered the questions correctly, but eventually began providing incorrect answers. Careful experimental construction placed a varying amount of peer pressure on the individual test subjects. The results of Asch’s experiment was very interesting because it indicated that peer pressure could have a measurable influence on the answers given. The members of the complementary group, those not exposed to peer pressure gave the correct answers, and only one incorrect answer: this can probably be explained by experimental error. The other groups had the opposite results, when surrounded by people giving incorrect answers; over one third also voiced incorrect answers. to ensure that the participants were able to correctly number the length of the lines, participants were asked to individually write down the correct
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