Zola Accuses: Dreyfus has Been Framed

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Zola Accuses – Dreyfus has been Framed
By 1898, the ubiquitous Dreyfus affair in France had developed into a situation in which French journalist Emile Zola felt that he needed to declare the truth of Dreyfus’s conviction. He published a letter addressed to the President of the French Republic, using the information he had. Emile Zola validly argues in “J’Accuse” that the court martial framed Captain Alfred Dreyfus of selling French military secrets to the Germans, and he uses the important arguments that the court martial conducted an unreasonable examination, unlawfully convicted him of treason, and wrongly protected and claimed Commander Esterhazy’s innocence. With this faulty conviction, Zola wrote, “France has this stain on her cheek” (1).
Zola claimed that a weak and unreasonable examination was conducted in trying to find Dreyfus’s guilt. Zola blamed Major Du Paty de Clam for the far-fetched examination. Zola wrote, “…it is him whom commander Forzinetti describes to us armed with a dark lantern, wanting to approach the sleeping defendant, to flood his face abruptly with light and to thus surprise his crime, in the agitation of being roused” (1). Du Paty de Clam used these types of far-out methods to try to make Dreyfus confess for a crime he did not commit – as Zola wrote, “One could not conceive of the experiments to which he subjected unhappy Dreyfus, the traps into which he wanted to make him fall, the insane investigations, monstrous imaginations, a whole
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