Zoroastrianism And Buddhism Research Paper

Decent Essays
There were four main and most prevalent principles and philosophies of thought in the ancient world. Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism all emerged at relatively the same time. These principles of thought governed the way people in the ancient world lived their lives and were governed in their communities. While these principles of thought all emerged around the same time, they can be drastically different in ways, but also remarkably similar, possibly showing that the followers of these philosophies had contact with one another.
Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama in India. Siddhartha led a very privileged life, sheltered from the outside world by his father and kept in a palace. One day Siddhartha left the castle and was shocked by the sickness, death, and suffering that
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Kong Fuzi had aristocratic ancestry and roots and when he was in his 30s started his teaching career. He developed concepts regarding education, society, and government and he wished to have a career in public service. When he realized that the governmental leaders were not interested in his teachings he left the country with a group of students for 12 years before returning home once more to teach. The main principle of Confucianism is ren, kindness and benevolence. Within ren are four other principles: Li (conforming to accepted standards of behavior and morals), Zhong (loyalty to one’s true self and nature), Shu (reciprocity), and Xiao (Filial piety). Confucius thought that humans were inherently good and they were teachable and perfectible ( Confucianism focused more on the leaders than the everyday people, possibly because of Confucius’s wish to participate in politics (WiseGeek); Junzi is the encompassment of the core principles and is seen as the ideal leader (Patton Lecture). Confucius avoid god and religion, and created more of a set of ethical beliefs than an organized religion
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