alcohol Essay

1576 Words 7 Pages
alcohol Substance abuse and addiction are major problems in society today. Every segment of society, regardless of race, gender, or age is affected. Some of the substances that are used grow naturally, where as others are manufactured illicitly or even legitimately in laboratories. They may be smoked, inhaled, ingested, or injected and used for social, religious, or self-medicating purposes. The substance that are abused include caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, steroids, stimulants, depressants, heroin, ANd cocaine.

Substance abuse and dependence were first described as disease process in the 1960s with the introduction of Jellinek’s work on alcoholism. Dependence on alcohol and other drugs is now accepted and is classified as a
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Failure in school
Rebelliousness and alienation
Early antisocial behavior
Need for immediate gratification
Lack of empathy
Frequent lying
Insensitivity to punishment
Peer pressure and choice of peers who use drugs
Siblings who use drugs
Inadequate parental direction and discipline

Community and cultural factors also play a role in determining risk for alcohol and drug abuse. Communities with high levels of crime, and delinquency, as well as high population density, are high risk environments and have higher rates of dependency in these communities.

The family which is the most powerful unit of socialization transmit cultural beliefs, myths, and values about alcohol and drug use. Also peers, and media personalities deliver messages about drug use, drug-using lifestyles, and the use of wines and spirits are subject of cultural traditions of families. Some groups have used wine strictly for celebratory purposes, others for religious rituals, and some for sustenance. Many cultural groups do not consider alcohol a drug. The result is that among many groups a
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