baroque study guide Essay

1228 Words Nov 11th, 2013 5 Pages
Baroque
Dates: (1600-1750) 1. What does “musical style” mean?
Different types of musical compositions developed throughout different eras

2. What was going historically during this era? What was life like?
New ideas and art was being introduced everywhere. It was a time of personal expression and drama. There was controversy between Catholics and Protestants which caused long periods of religious war. It was also a time of scientific research and astronomical studies.

3. Was did the term Baroque originally mean?
Odd, irregular,rough, or uneven

4. Why did early baroque composers favor homophony?
It was a new concept in texture, a melody in one voice supported by a harmnoy in the others

5. What texture did
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What is a sonata? What are the different types?
A multimovement form for one or more solo instruments accompanied by a basso continuo. The different types were Sonata da camera (concert performance) and Sonata da chiesa (church performance)

31. What is a fugue?
A polyphonic composition with two to six melodic lines or voices

32. What is a prelude?
A brief keyboard piece that may be either an independent composition or the introduction to another piece or set of pieces

33. What is a suite? (often called a Baroque or dance suite)
A multimovement piece composed for the lute or keyboard with the style, tempo, and rhythmic patterns of a particular dance

34. What is a sinfonia? Any of several forms usually of Italian origin. It refers to orchestral introductions to operas and cantatas.

35. What is the concerto grosso? A solo concerto? How many movements does it have?
A concerto grosso is small group of solo instruments that accompany a string orchestra. A solo concerto is instead only one instrument. They both generally have three movements

36. What is the ritonello form and how does it work?
A ritornello is the form that typically begins a movement. Ritornello form focuses on a contrast between two musical ideas. The idea presented in the ritornello will be revisited many times again in the song.

37. What is a toccata?
Form for lute or keyboard exploiting

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