biodiversity Essay

476 Words 2 Pages
"BIODIVERSITY"

     Biodiversity, as defined by E.O. Wilson, "is meant to be all inclusive- it's the genetic based variation of living organisms at all levels, from the variety of genes in populations of single species, through species, on up to the array of natural ecosystems." This includes plants, animals, insects, fungi, bacteria, and all microorganisms. All of these things create what is known as a web. These things interact with each other in some way there for they depend on one another throughout their lifetime. There are many separate ways in which we can study biodiversity. These ways include, genetic, species, community, ecosystem, and taxonomic diversity. Biodiversity can be best
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In the video, during the drought, the side of the field with a more diverse environment held stern as the other wilted away.
     Areas that are very diverse are very important to humans as well. They provide a wide arrange of pharmaceuticals such as aspirin and penicillin. "Some
40 percent of U.S. prescriptions are for pharmaceuticals derived from wild plants, animals and microorganisms.(E.O. Wilson)" They also provide fruit, oils, beverages, drugs (including illegal narcotics), fuel, and much more. Humans also benefit from biodiversity from what E.O. Wilson calls "biophillia," which is the natural affiliation humans have for natural environments.(E.O. Wilson)
     Old growth forests play a dentrimental role in biodiversity preservation.
It's most important feature is biodiversity. Old growth forests provide us with many of the things that we as humans take for granted, for example, breathable air pure water, and pest control through birds, bats, and insects.
In the Eastern U.S., most of the old growth occurs in small isolated areas.
Scientist have come to the conclusion that even if these matured areas cover a substantial portion of landscape, it will not provide long term diversity for many species that live in such a community.(How much old growth..?)
     Many environmentalists are increasingly concerned with this biodiversity

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