case 12-3 Essay

1840 Words Jan 2nd, 2014 8 Pages
Provisions and Contingencies

Scenario 1

Fact: Energy Inc. (Energy, or the Company), which operates in the oil industry, is a U.S. subsidiary of a U.K. entity that prepares its financial statements in accordance with IFRS and U.S. GAAP. A draft law in a country where Energy operates in, which requires a cleanup of land already contaminated, will possibly be enacted shortly after the year-end.

Issues: Should Energy recognize a provision, (i) in reporting under IFRSs, and (ii) in accordance with U.S. GAAP?

Analysis: (i) Under IFRSs, Energy should recognize a provision for the cleanup costs in its 20x1. IAS 37-14 states a provision shall be recognized if “(a) an entity has a present obligation, (b) it is probable that an
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Therefore, FuelSource should recognize a provision under IFRS. (ii) Under U.S. GAAP, FuelSource should not recognize a loss in its financial statement, and is not required to disclose the potential obligation of the cleanup cost. ASC 410-30-25-1 requires “the accrual of a liability arisen by environmental obligation if both (a) it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred; and (b) the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated, are met”. To determine the probability of an environmental remediation liability, ASC 410-30-25-4 further explains that “two elements need to be met: (a) litigation has commenced or a claim or an assessment has been asserted or, commencement of litigation or assertion of a claim or an assessment is probable; (b) it is probable that the outcome of such litigation, claim, or assessment will be unfavorable”. However, in this case, the Company has no legal obligation to clean up the contamination in Dirty Country as there is no such environmental legislation that requires to do so. Moreover, cleanup of contamination in other country outside of United States is not required by any of the Federal laws or Codification. It is remote that there will be any litigation; claim or assessment asserted that

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