chapter 17 AP World History: the diversity of American Colonial societies

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I. Chapter 17: The diversity of American colonial societies 1530-1770
18th century Choctow leader red shoes befriended French in Mississippi valley(traded deerskins for guns)became rich but English cut off French shipping so he made an alliance with the English so was murdered by French resulted in 1747 civil war of the Choctow and killed colonist and Chocktows
1.Wars,epidemics,and territorial loss but also adapted technology and politics but in the end were dominated
2.political and economic demands of Europe,new plants,animals,diseases,technology,American staple crops and other riches
3.complex colonial society: Americans,Africans,and Europeans
Societies represented by diverse cultures,slave trade,natives,and Eruopean colonizer
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Slavery and Slave trade
Portuguese captured and enslaved Amerindians and progressed inland because of slave deaths
Eventually used African slaves more more productive and resistant to disease but more$
5 africans for every European 1650-1750
d. Colonial Networks of Trade
American silver=European expanision,industrialization,pid for asian spice silk pottery in philipines
Rich mines of peru,Bolivia and mexico had population growth and commercial links
Potosi 1625 120,000 pop. Chilean wheat,argentine livestock.and ecuaodrian textile
Sugar ,slaves tobacco in brazil for yerba,livestock,hides,silver
Brazil allowed illegal trade between Spanish colonies and Europe
Especially after discovering gold
4. Society in Colonial Latin America
Except viceroy Spanish nobility not coming
Hidalagos (lesser nobles) were well off 2.merchants,lawyers,artisans,priests;3beggars criminals prostitutes
Creoles(whites born in america) were mixed
d. Colonial elites
Wanted to create classes like in europes nobles but abused natives and epidemics undermined economic condition
Colonial officials, clergy and rich merchants took their position
Europeans in church and gov,creoles in agriculture and mining,
Tensions between creoles and Europeans
e.

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