chapter 3 Essay

1658 Words Dec 28th, 2013 7 Pages
Chapter 3
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Introduction
In this chapter the research methodology used in the study is described. The geographical area where the study was conducted the study design and the population and sample are described. The instrument used to collect the data, including methods implemented to maintain validity and reliability of the instrument, are described.
Research Approach and Design
Denzin and Lincoln (2000) suggest a different, more complex definition. Their definition, which includes observations, interpretations, and transformations, is as follows:
Qualitative research is a situated activity that locates the observer in the world. It consists of a set of interpretive, material practices that make the world
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A set of questionnaire is a self-report form of design to elicit information that can be obtained through the written responses of the subjects. The information obtained through a questionnaire is similar to that obtained by an interview, but the questions tend to have less depth ( Burns & Grove 1993:368).
Data was collected with aid of questionnaires to evaluate the students’ academic performance and experiences on family problems. Questionnaires were decided upon because of the following:
They ensured a high response rate as the questionnaires were distributed to respondents to complete and were collected personally by the researcher.
They required less time and energy to administer.
There was less opportunity for bias as they were presented in a consistent manner.
Apart from the advantages that have been listed above, questionnaires have their weaknesses; for example, there is the question of validity and accuracy (Burns & Grove 1993:368). The subjects might not reflect their true opinions but might answer what they think will please the researcher, and valuable information may be lost as answers are usually brief.
The questionnaires consisted mostly of open-ended questions and a few closed-ended questions. In the open-ended questions the subjects were required to respond in writing, whereas

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