cold war Essay

1325 Words6 Pages
World War II divided Korea into a Communist, northern half and an American-occupied southern half, divided at the 38th parallel. The Korean War began when the North Korean Communist army crossed invaded non-Communist South Korea. As North Korean army, armed with Soviet tanks, quickly overran South Korea, the United States came to South Korea's aid. General Douglas MacArthur, who had been overseeing the post World War II affair of Japan, sent the US forces, which began to hold off the North Koreans at Pusan, at the southernmost tip of Korea. Although Korea was not strategically important to the United States, the political environment at this stage of the Cold War was such that policymakers did not want to appear soft on Communism. The US…show more content…
The US tried using strategic bombing to intimidate the Communists into negotiating a peace treaty, but they wouldn't budge, especially on the issue of Prisoner of War. Neither side wanted to appear weak, so the talks went on occasionally breaking down for months. Only after Eisenhower, who was a war hero and was unafraid of Republican criticism became President, could the US make substantial compromises to the Communists. In 1953 a peace treaty was signed at Panmunjom that ended the Korean War, returning Korea to a divided status essentially the same as before the war. Neither the war nor its outcome did much to lessen the era's Cold War tension. Korea and its neighbor Manchuria had been of great importance to the USSR, the People's Republic of China and Japan since the nineteenth century. Following this tradition, after World War II the USSR made an attempt to occupy Korea. Not wanting the Soviets to grab too much territory, the US occupied the southern half of Korea, south of the 38th Parallel. Much as it had in Germany just after World War Two, these two occupations set the status quo North Korea, that area of the Korean peninsula north of the 38th parallel became Communist, while South Korea was the province of a nationalist anti-Communist government.      The Korean War erupted on June 25, 1950 in the middle of the burgeoning Cold War, an international struggle between

More about cold war Essay

Open Document