compare two theories of self-esteem which contribute to our understanding of self-concept

1096 WordsMar 3, 20145 Pages
In this task I will compare two theories of self-esteem which contribute to our understanding of self-concept. The theories which I will be focused on are Bowlby’s and Harter’s. Bowlby theory Bowlby worked for many years as a child psychoanalyst so was clearly very influenced by Freud’s theories and child development. However, he also liked the work of Lorenz on the innate nature of bonds through imprinting and combined these two very different ideas to produce his own evolutionary theory of attachments. Bowlby believed that attachment is innate and adaptive. We are all born with an inherited need to form attachments and this is to help us survive. In line with Darwin’s theory of natural selection, any behaviour that helps you…show more content…
If the attachment figure is disrupted or broken the child will suffer irreversible long term consequences of maternal deprivation including delinquency, reduced intelligence, increased aggression, depression and affectionless psychopathy (an inability to show affection or concern for others. No guilt for anti-social behaviour). Harter’s theory Harter carries forward the work of James (1993) and Cooley. Those with low self-esteem are almost certainly depressed and among many adolescent’s, such depression, in turn, leads to thoughts of suicide. There are multiple pathways to depression representing different combinations of feelings lack of support from peers and parents. Multiple selves are created in adolescence for example cheerful with friends but depressed with parents or outgoing with friends but inhibited in romance relationships. Usually, females experience the most conflict with true self versus false self-behaviour. Similarities and differences between two theories There quite a few similarities and differences between each of the two theories that I’ve introduced above. The main similarities include: • Both theories are linking early stages of human being lives. Harter’s theory is mainly based on young adults and how their self-esteem is affected by their peer group and parents. On the other hand, Bowlby’s theory is saying that self-esteem of every individual is linked to their early childhood and wherever they did get enough of
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