coral reef Essay

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CORAL REEFS

Almost every one of us have heard and most of you have seen the Coral reefs but did you know what actually these are:
As a mariner its important to know about the marine life, that was one reason I have chosen this topic for my today’s short presentation.

GM, my scheme of presentation will be as flashed:

DEFINATION OF CORAL REEF
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CORAL AND CORAL POLYP
WHERE WE CAN FIND CORAL
CONSTRUCTION OF CORAL REEFS
CONDITIONS FOR GROWTH OF CORAL REEFS
TYPES OF CORAL REEFS
THREAT TO CROAL REEFS
WHAT SHOULD A MARINER DO IN CORAL RICH AREAS
FUTURE OF CORAL REEFS
CONCLUSION

What is a coral reef?
Coral reefs are huge structures made of limestone that is deposited by living things. There are thousands of species that
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Soft corals are found in both tropical seas and in cool, dark regions.

What is a coral polyp?
A coral polyp is a spineless animal. Coral polyps can be the size of a pinhead while others are larger, sometimes a foot in diameter. One coral branch or mound is covered by thousands of these animals. They are invertebrates (spineless animals) and are cousins of anemones and jellyfish. When thousands of these animals are grouped together, they are referred to as coral colonies. Each coral "tree" or "mound" is one colony of coral polyps. A polyp has a sac-like body and an opening or mouth encircled by stinging tentacles called cnidae. The polyp uses calcium carbonate from seawater to build itself a hard, cup-shaped skeleton. This limestone skeleton protects the soft, delicate body of the polyp. Coral polyps are usually nocturnal, meaning that they stay inside their skeletons during the day. At night, polyps extend their tentacles out to feed.

Where do corals live?
Coral reefs are found in over 100 countries. Most reefs are located between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, in places such as the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Caribbean, the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf. Corals are also found farther from the equator in places where warm currents flow out of the tropics, such as Florida and southern Japan. Worldwide, coral reefs cover an estimated 284,300 square kilometers (110,000 square miles).

How old are
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