course ouline

1640 WordsJul 27, 20147 Pages
1. What should the nurse suspect when hourly assessment of urine output on a postcraniotomy patient exhibits a urine output from a catheter of 1,500 mL for 2 consecutive hours? A) Cushing 's syndrome B) Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) C) Adrenal crisis D) Diabetes insipidus 2. The PACU staff have brought a patient to the unit following a thyroidectomy. To promote comfort for this patient, how should the nurse position this patient? A) Side-lying (lateral) with one pillow under the head B) Head of the bed elevated 30 degrees and no pillows placed under the head C) Semi-Fowler 's with the head supported on two pillows D) Flat, with a small roll supporting the neck 3. The nurse is caring…show more content…
The pathophysiological effects of the patient 's tumor include excessive secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). As a result, this patient is likely to exhibit signs and symptoms that are characteristic of what endocrine disorder? A) Addison 's disease B) Cushing 's disease C) Hyperthyroidism D) Diabetes insipidus 12. A patient has been admitted to an acute medical unit with a diagnosis of diabetes insipidus with a neurogenic etiology. When planning this patient 's care, what diagnosis should be the nurse 's most likely priority? A) Fluid volume deficit related to increased urine output B) Acute confusion related to alterations in electrolytes C) Altered nutrition: less than body requirements related to decreased intake D) Risk for injury related to decreased level of consciousness 13. A 24-year-old male patient is being cared for in the intensive care unit following a motorcycle accident. In addition to musculoskeletal injuries, he has developed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) from the traumatic head injury. Which of the following imbalances is consistent with this diagnosis? A) Hyponatremia B) Hyperkalemia C) Hyperbilirubinemia D) Hypoglycemia 14. A nurse practitioner is aware of the high incidence and prevalence of hypothyroidism and regularly encourages many patients to undergo screening of their thyroid secreting hormone (TSH) levels. Which of the following individuals likely

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