. Geert Hofstede (1980) describes culture as, ‘a source of conflict rather than synergy. Cultural differences are a nuisance at best and often a disaster’. Justin Paul (2011) also supports this view stating that, human beings tend to have an instinct ‘deep inside’ that all human beings are the same. Therefore, if one goes into another country and makes decisions based on how one operates in one’s home country-‘the chances are that he or she will make some very bad decisions’ (Paul 2011). Hence, different types of factors need to be understood to ensure that you and the business are readily available to adapt to any change in culture or environment, this will be shown by a number of examples involving companies that have successfully set up business and others that have failed significantly all due to the lack of understanding of CCM.
Multicultural Considerations in Business There are many different impacts that culture has on the way business is conducted; cultural systems of values and beliefs lead to specific interpretations of events and interactions, and different demands and expectations for business relationships often exist for individuals from different cultural backgrounds. Engaging in international and multicultural business requires a level of understanding and awareness of specific cultural issues that might arise due to different customs, perspectives, and values, and a general awareness of the influence of culture is a good thing in business as well as it allows for ongoing learning and consideration without rushing to judgment. Through both a specific and a general understanding of cultural issues in business, more effective strategies for conducting business on an international level can be developed and implemented. The following paragraphs provide specific examples from four differently cultures, identifying the importance of cultural understanding in all international dealings.
Results of Poor Cross Cultural Awareness Having a poor understanding of the influence of cross cultural differences in areas such as management, PR, advertising and negotiations can eventually lead to blunders that can have damaging consequences.
Ch1: Describe the similarities between cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology. Describe the differences between cultural psychology and cross-cultural psychology. Cross cultural psychology and cultural psychology are two fields of psychology that are often confused. Cross-cultural psychology and cultural psychology have many similarities and they differ in a few areas. Cross-cultural psychology is a comparative field of psychology that studies the cultural effects on human psychology. A cross-cultural study draws its conclusions from at least two samples of at least two different cultures and compares them in order to examine underlying reasons for diversity between the cultures, as well as the universals that each culture shares with another. Cultural psychology seeks to find the meaningful links between a culture and the psychology of the individuals living within that culture. Cultural psychology's main message is that human behavior is only meaningful when you're studying the behavior of individuals within the particular sociocultural, or in the culture in which the behavior occurs. The comparisons that cross-cultural psychology makes about each culture must begin with cultural studies.
Business Culture: China vs. the United States Cultures are varying among different parts of the globe. People with different cultures have different characteristics and viewpoints on the subjects due to diverse understanding and method of learning. During the past few decades, the international trade grows in a very rapid rate due to the advantages that it provides; “increased sales, operational efficiencies, exposure to new technologies and broader consumer choices” (Heslin). Therefore, when considering the culture aspect to current business world, it is crucial for business to understand the culture aspect because of the tremendous growth of international business as well as utilize the international market to its maximum
Introduction Every country differs in culture which has been there for centuries. The international market is growing rapidly, with more and more multinational organisations entering new markets each day. In this assignment I will evaluate how the difference in cultures affects the performance of international businesses.
To start with, China, which scores 80 on IDX, ranks higher than Canada by 41 points. This highlights the fact that the society views inequalities among people as a normal thing and the subordinate-superior relationship tends to be polarized which leaves no space for defense against power abuse. Rigid hierarchy with formal authority influence individuals, and they believe in the capacity to lead and control of their own leaders. It is a society in which people are expected to stay at exactly where they are placed. In contrast, Canadian culture believe that everyone should receive equal rights and be treated equally. Similar to countries that score low on this aspect, Canadians build their hierarchy for convenience. Managers are approachable, and are expected to consult and exchange information with their staff members as they work as a team. Straightforward exchange of information is also preferred. In terms of individualism (IDV), Canadian culture is considered as an individualist one in which people look after themselves and their immediate families. For that reason, self-reliance and initiatives are vital in the workforce. Hiring and promotion decisions are primarily based on one’s merit and competence. On the other hand, scoring very low on this dimension, it can be said that China is a highly collectivist culture where people focus on group interest rather than self-interest. Hiring and promotion decisions can be based on how close an individual is to the superior
Everyone has a different way of life, whether it be by the way you talk, dress, or eat. Or maybe how you dance, sing, and perform. These aspects of everyday life is called culture. Everybody in the world has a culture, but not all cultures are the same from person to person. In the book, The Miles Between, a group of teens, who attend a boarding school, have a different way of life than I do. Even though there is many differences between our cultures, there are still some similarities peeping through all the differences.
Unfortunately, technology today is helping criminals commit money laundering off of their profits made from drug crimes and prostitution in cyberspace and the ease of transportation and smuggling operations. Drug trafficking is associated with organized crime and violence linked to human trafficking and money laundering schemes that can also support criminal activities in several countries including terrorist activities. The increase of technology is allowing people to shop online and is used for the purpose of exploiting pornographic images and the ease of purchasing and transporting illicit drugs and prostitutes from anywhere in the world. Transactions online cause difficulty in tracing criminal operation because they can be located in the
Making business abroad can be risky, but it can also be profitable for a company as well; thus the necessity to study in deep the country where the company will bring the business to. International companies are faced with many cultural challenges, when doing business across and inside of different borders. Identifying the significant cultural issues involved when evaluating the attractiveness of a particular location as a place for doing business can be crucial for a business. Aspects to consider when studying culture in a new place
"We didn 't all come over on the same ship, but we 're all in the same boat."- Bernard Baruch
Cross-Cultural Psychology Samantha Mortinsen 9/18/2011 Psy/450 Dorothy Rodwell Cross-Cultural Psychology Culture, we all have grown up knowing one, or at times more than one, kind of culture. Everyone has different beliefs and ways of doing things and this usually has to do with our culture and the way we have been raised and brought up. This type of psychology looks into these many different cultures and studies how they affect us as humans and our development, mental processes, and behavior.
2. When a company grows in size and makes the decision to expand internationally, it is vital for its image among current and future customers to complete projects effectively and on time. Furthermore, it is also likely that such an expansion would entail the representation of more than one culture among the workforce. Indeed, while many employees will be relocated from the home country, a further proportion will be hired from the host country. To facilitate the relations and
Cultural Difference Whenever a company is entering a new market it has to take into consideration the cultural differences between countries. Based on the case study analysis, the difference between the two countries in terms of eating out habits and eating preferences seem not to be understood by the Denver headquarter. Denver headquarter believes that it can enforce the same business model applied in the U.S to its stores in China, regardless of local preference. In addition, Foster seems to lack knowledge about the Chinese culture because she was not familiar with the market in China, as she had no experience working internationally. There was a lack of cross-cultural communication between Chen and Foster; even though, Chen had experienced both cultures while studying abroad in the U.S.
CULTURE culture is a word that implies to the integrated pattern of human behavior(thoughts’communication,actions,belief,values,and institution of a racial,ethnic,religious,or social group