dementia unit 33 Essay

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The Range of causes of dementia There are many diseases that result in dementia. The most common types of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease; vascular dementia; Pick’s disease; dementia with Lewy bodies (Fronto-Temporal); Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD); Huntington’s disease. Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common causes of dementia. The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms, which can include memory loss, changes in mood and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when certain diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, damage the brain. Alzheimer's disease could be described as a physical disease affecting the brain. During the course of the disease, protein 'plaques' and 'tangles' develop…show more content…
Most people with Huntington's disease develop signs and symptoms in their 40s or 50s, but the onset of disease may be earlier or later in life. When disease onset begins before age 20, the condition is called juvenile Huntington's disease. Earlier onset often results in a somewhat different presentation of symptoms and faster disease progression. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a degenerative brain disorder that leads to dementia and ultimately death. Symptoms of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) sometimes resemble those of other dementia-like brain disorders, such as Alzheimer's, but Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease usually progresses much more rapidly. Although serious, CJD is rare. Worldwide, there is an estimated one case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease diagnosed per million people each year, most commonly in older adults. The memory impairment that is associated with each cause. The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia can include a decline in memory, reasoning and communication; changes in behaviour; loss of skills; abilities which fluctuate; movement difficulties and many more. The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with Dementia can include: Loss or lapses of recent memory Mood changes or uncharacteristic behaviour (in later stages this will become more pronounced) Poor concentration Problems communicating Getting lost in familiar places Making

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