2. Statement: any Men asks dowry for his marriage, low esteeming himself and disrespecting the women in the society.
In 1989, a In the United States we condemn those acts and even cry out for justice for these women. This is a culture and society unlike our own. Women here in the United States are free from dowries and the traditions which make them property of their husbands, however, acts of violence stands as a reminder to women of their low worth in society. The "dowry deaths" in India are undercounted, largely because the husband and his family frequently try to disguise the murder as a suicide or an accident. A frequent scam is to set the wife alight with kerosene, and then claim she died in a kitchen accident. In 1987 the police officially recorded 1,786 dowry deaths in all of India, but women’s action groups estimates that 1,000 women burned alive in Gujurat state alone (Jaggar & Rothenberg, 1993).
In many parts of the world females still have very little rights. Indeed, equality between men and women have been accepted by the majority of the developed countries, but developing countries still struggle to see women as equals to men, and India is one of the worst. Currently, the Indian
Dower payment is a pre-Islamic tradition which is revealed in both Christianity and Judaism: Jewish Religion: Exodus 22:16-31World English Bible (WEB) 16 “If a man entices a virgin who isn’t pledged to be married, and lies with her, he shall surely pay a dowry for her to be his wife. 17 If her father utterly refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.
The causes of child marriage often stem from tradition and gender norms within the community. However, child marriages can also be a result of severe poverty; the dowry, or “price of the bride,” may be needed for a family’s survival. Even security plays a role in the decision, as parents may believe their daughter will be safer in a marriage than unwed.
In India, regionalism, class, and communalism had become the fuel of politics. In such a diverse yet democratic country all aspects of economic development were enormously contentious. This can be seen from a glance at two central issues in development, birth control and women’s rights. Women’s right was also caught up in the maelstrom of Indian politics. There has a proliferation of women’s groups encourage by the UN Decade of Women in 1970s, which suggested that the status of women had actually declined since independence. One success of the activists was a campaign against “dowry murders”, which is killing young wives in domestic fires started by their in-laws for financial gain. 1
In this paper we will look at two separate cultures wedding rituals and meanings. We will find that within various cultures, marriage is symbolically represented through a range of very simple to elaborate weddings. Marriage typically transforms both individuals’ roles in society and in the home. It is the combining of two families and often involves politics and takes into consideration good social standing. Cultural traditions are often passed on the families and children. Marriage can serve as a changing of roles in the financial realm as well as the occupational realm for a family. India and Chinese wedding are different in most facets and yet the same in a few (arrangement being one). We will take a closer look into the matrimony celebrations of both cultures and compare the meaning, symbolism, and process of each.
Most girls are married before sixteen years old and most boys before twenty-two. However, due to the child marriage law, the marriage is not consummated until around three years after they are considered married. It is the job of the groom’s family to arrange the marriage. Sometimes a matchmaker is hired to make the search process easier. The two families meet and discuss the dowry, wedding date, and education and if both families agree, the wedding rituals carry on. The pre-wedding ceremony consists of the groom leading the bride around a fire seven times. She is then taken back to her home until she is summoned to her husband’s family home. When she leaves with her husband, his mother is put in charge of her and she is taught how to work inside the home. The bride is not allowed to speak to any of the males until the marriage is complete for she is still considered to be pure (Arranged Marriages, Matchmakers, and Dowries in India). The marriage process can take anywhere from three to six years (U.S. Library of Congress).
6 Effects of Adoption: Statutory Provision Section 12 of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956, relates to the Effectsof Adoption and the provision reads as under
There are several concerns that breed bride burning. In his vigilant study, Umar (1998) examines the causative factors leading to harassment, violence and ultimately bride burning of Indian women in their matrimonial homes. He discusses three main causes of the issue, the rigidity of the divorce law, maintenance of socioeconomic status for Indian families and economic inequality in relation to poverty of husband and In-laws.
The issue of gender equality in India furthermore alarmed Nehru. During the partition of India, thousands of women were killed, raped, abandoned or forcibly married to their abductors. An approximate amount of 75 000 women were taken from Muslim, Sikhs and Hindu groups. The government decided to bring the women back to where they belong, and by 1948 Indian authorities had located 12500 women and restored their families. 6 years later the forcible repatriation was abandoned. By many religious groups women were perceived as weak and subsidiary. Male domination was easily seen in society, male could marry a few women who had no right to divorce. Daughters received dowry when they were getting married, but they had no right for any kind of inheritance after receiving it. As a result women became very dependent on men. Nehru saw this urgent problem and included gender equality in the constitution. In 1950’s Nehru introduced the Hindu Code Bill, stating women as equal in the Indian society. Consequently Nehru was facing opposition from Hindu traditionalists and Conservative members of Congress, who were saying that the
RELIGIONS PAPER – (Need Title) Extravagant clothing, succulent victuals, exquisite flowers, spectacular photography and many other grand decorations are the foundation of a Hindu marriage. Hindu marriages, like most other cultural wedding ceremonies, are deeply concerned with their religious rituals and customs. Most ceremonies in the Hindu culture are
Merely the parents arranged marriages in India for the previous generations. The bride or groom probably would not even see each other until they are both placed at the altar, depending on the parents. In a traditional marriage taken place in India where it is not forced, the parents choose their son or daughter 's future spouse with only a little say from the soon to be newly-weds. If either the son or daughter refuses the choice, the parents tend to respect their requests, and will find someone else. The main motivation in such marriages is the happiness of the son or daughter, but the outlook is that "parents know best." In a forced or arranged marriage, if the bride or groom refuses to marry their selected partner, they will be punished. In most cases, their objection is simply
Unfortunately, no specific law has been recognized to deal with a live in relationship in India. No legislation has been formulated to define the rights and obligations of the parties in the relationships and the status of children born to such couples when it is proved as bigamy of male in the relationship.
The SOB has left a trail of controversy with regards to its provisions on matters such as child marriage, age of sexual consent and pedophilia. To start with, section 7(1- 4) of the Bill states; (1) A person who commits an act which causes penetration with a child is guilty of an offence called defilement. (2) A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child aged eleven years or less shall upon conviction be sentenced to imprisonment for life. (3) A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child between the age of twelve and fifteen years is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for life.(4) A person who commits an offence of defilement with a child between the age of sixteen and eighteen years is liable upon conviction to imprisonment for life”. This proviso