evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway for one of the chosen physiological disorders

3153 Words Mar 12th, 2014 13 Pages
Unit 14 – physiological disorders

P1 P2 P3
Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders
Explain the signs and symptoms
Describe the investigations that are carried out to enable the diagnosis.

The two physiological disorders I will be talking about in this assignment is hypertension and Diabetes.

Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is a lung disorder. The arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs become narrowed, making it very hard for the blood to get through the vessels, this then causes the pressure in the arteries to increase more than usual (high blood pressure). Scientists think that the procedure starts with injury to the layer of cells that line the small blood vessels of the lungs.
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Complete blood count (CBC): Tests for infection, elevated hemoglobin, and anemia
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP): A marker for heart failure”

other intense tests can be done to make the diagnosis much clearer such as Doppler echocardiogram, this uses sound waves to show the function of the right ventricle to measure the blood flow through the heart valves, and then calculate the systolic pulmonary artery pressure. There is also an X-ray, this is done on the chest. This can show any increase or decrease in size of the right ventricle and arteries. A simpler test such as the 6-minute walk test, this controls exercise patience level and blood oxygen saturation level during exercise. There is also a Pulmonary function test, this seeks for other lung conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis compared to others. Also there is a 'Polysomnogram or overnight oximetry', this monitors sleep apnea (results in low oxygen levels at night). Also a right heart catheterization, this measures various heart pressures ( inside the pulmonary arteries, coming from the left side of the heart), the rate at which the heart is able to pump blood, and finds any leaks between the right and left sides of the heart.
There's also other scans such as a ventilation perfusion scan, this looks for blood clots along the pathway to the lungs. Other

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