How successfully did the National Government deal with the economic problems of the 1930s? In dealing with the economic depression of the 1930s, it is my opinion that the recovery of Britain was mainly due to the stages of rearmament in the run-up to the Second World War. This is not to say, however, that the National Government failed to combat the rises in unemployment, reaching a peak of three million, and the ruined staple industries, they implemented several policies to reboot the economy and lessen the impact on the people.
The National Governments experienced moderate success in bringing about economic recovery in the years 1931-1939. It would be inaccurate to say that the policies of the governments were the only contributing factor as they alone were not sufficient enough to tackle the harsh economic climate, but for the most part the National Governments were responsible for a moderately successful economic recovery.
Historians are often divided into categories in regard to dealing with Nazi Germany foreign policy and its relation to Hitler: 'intentionalist', and 'structuralist'. The intentionalist interpretation focuses on Hitler's own steerage of Nazi foreign policy in accordance with a clear, concise 'programme' planned long in advance.
However, Ludendorff’s plan backfired when Wilson’s Points insisted that Germany lay down all arms and dissolved its army to no more than 100,000 troops, as well as all parties responsible resign (Peukert, 1987; 46). If Wilson’s constitutional reforms were to be implemented a democratic parliament could have been formed (Peukert, 1987; 24). Obviously Germany was reluctant, at first, to accept all of the responsibility of the war. To add to the attempt of keeping Germany a War state and its reluctant surrender, Keiser Wilhelm II ordered a last attempt by the German Naval Fleet to attack. This created a mutiny in Wilhelmshaven on October 28, 1918 and a sailor’s resurrection in Kiel on November 3rd and 4th (Peukert, 1987; 27). The peaceful revolutionary movement has begun in Germany and the citizens began expressing they wanted a new government. During the revolution the Weimar Republic was forming and it seemed to be doing so with little compromise from polar parties. Somehow, the Weimar Constitution was written and the new government began to practice democracy. Most of Germany, by now, wants to be a viable part of the world and achieve a better standard of living, the newly formed Weimar Republic and fragile economy will be tested with the Versailles Treaty.
Political, economic and social issues in the Weimar Republic to 1929 Year 12 Modern History 2013 * Mrs Lynch Jenni Hamilton Due Date; 26th of March 2013 Word Count; 1,665 The collapsement of the Weimar Republic was due to many social, political and economical issues within. From its birth it faced numerous political problems, for which the causes were many and varied. These problems included political instability, deep divisions within society and economic crisis; problems were constantly appearing for the new government. The Weimar Republic never really had a stable political party, having a whole six different parties between 1924-1928 does not create stability. Many of these parties were also narrowly sectioned, with messed up
Before 1848 Germany DBQ The political, economical, and social order of the Germanic states in the nineteenth century was in a state of chaos and disarray. Politically, the states had the desire of becoming unified and had the possibility to do so if it had not been for fear and neglect to follow through. Economically, the states were in a time of hardships with poor growth development in the fields and were also going through the time of the Industrial Revolution with changes to their everyday lives. Socially, the Germanic states were divided into a feudal system that was determined by birth status and wealth. The middle class, made up of scholars and students, and aristocracy had shared the same fear of the commoners’ revolt due
Which gave the right for women to vote without discrimination by other people in1920.Also Germany was required to make significant territorial concessions. They were primarily long against the east and west borders.There was some of the many changes in the politics section.If I was a woman I would have been able to vote if I was 18 years old.But sadly I was 17 years old.
Part A: Prior to the Munich Putsch In November of 1923, Hitler tried to take advantage of the crisis facing the Weimar government by establishing a revolution in Munich, Germany. It seemed like the perfect opportunity, but poor planning and misjudgement resulted in failure and the low security imprisonment of Adolf
In 1936, The Federal Government cut spending with hopes the parts of national economy that was not under control by the government would step in and help with the economic issues, but the economy continued going downhill until WWII. For example the “Oil Crisis”, this caused prices to raise significantly. Instead of $3 a barrel it went to $12 a barrel.
In the mid 30’s Germany was in a perpetual state of economic decline. The First World War had decimated all economic growth, increased inflation, and made unemployment an all-time high. From the suffering of
“To what extent was the Dawes Plan a turning point for Germany, 1919-1933?” Explain your answer. The Dawes Plan of 1924 was formulated to take Weimar Germany out of hyperinflation and to return Weimar’s economy to some form of stability. It helped Germany return to its pre-war state. Economically, socially and
The Weimar republic is regarded as a time in Germany where there was ambivalence towards liberalization (Pine, 200). Some historians regard the Weimar republic as the “Age of Liberated Women” because of the freedom and rights given to women during its time of rule (Frevert, 176). Although the Republic itself was moving towards modernization, a conservative population still existed in Germany and the impact of modernizing forces created a backlash from the conservative population (Pine, 200). Although women gained many rights during the Weimar Republic, many citizens, mostly male, wanted to preserve male authority in society, these people
On the one hand, the Dawes Plan was a significant turning point because it improved Germany’s economic situation hugely. It is evident that the Dawes Plan improved Germany’s debt because from 1921-24 the GDP in debt decreased by 150% from the original 305%. This shows the Dawes Plan was a significant turning point because it created an instant effect on Germany’s economy as soon as it was put into action in 1924. Loans financed by the US were distributed to businesses as well as other establishments which led to a big pick up in all businesses. In 1928 Gilbert Parker commented on the pick up of German businesses: ‘..business conditions appear to have righted themselves on a relatively high level of activity’ showing that by this time, Germany’s industries and workforce were at a similar level
An economic failure in the result to the treaty was hyperinflation. It occurred due to the given amount of reparation payments, which were up in the multiple millions. The war had left the German economy disastrous already, and inflation was rising quickly. The banks started to print more bank notes to solve the problem. The harsh effect, however, was that the money became worthless, as less goods were there to be sold, and so heavy inflation followed. Germany could only pay its first reparation with its industrial products (a prime source for employment, and exports, thus the stability of the economy.) so when Germany declared they couldn't pay the second instalment, the French invaded the Ruhr, the main source of industrial activity for Germany. The government's response was to encourage strikes; this only led two to things; less German produce, with workers still needing to be paid. In attempt to correct this, government printed even more bank notes. Heavy inflation soared to hyperinflation. The middle class saw their savings being brought to no value, right through to the workers not being able to buy a loaf of bread. This shows a chain of failures from the republic- it contributed to the commencement of hyperinflation, and therefore the invasion of the Ruhr- loss of industrial economy. Generally,
Labour welfare between 1920 and 1939 in Germany was a result of an accumulation of labour problems (unskilled labour, female labour, low pay, poor training and limited social advantage) that started with the