Amongst the devastation and despair the Black Death left in its wake, it also brought with it some much-needed change to the way medieval Europeans were living. Although it ended many innocent lives, it also began a new era of social and economic living. In the years following the first outbreak of the plague, medical knowledge and awareness of hygiene dramatically improved, as did the living and working conditions of the workers. Other benefits included the rapid growth of Europe’s middle class and thus the fall of the feudal system, the loss of the church’s supreme authority, and the increase in economic power for medieval women.
The Black Death caused millions to die, but the Black Death also led Europe to the Renaissance. The Black Death caused an economic boom, it changed Europe’s views on religion and increased Europe’s interest in the arts. Lower-class citizens benefited from the Black Death. It opened up people’s eyes about religion. Then, it spread creativity in Europe. Everyone was suddenly interested in art. The Black Death changed Europe in a profound way.
The Black Death added to the misery of the human society in Medieval Europe, which had already suffered great losses during the Great
The Black Death was devastating and was one of the most significant events in Medieval Britain. The Black Death was also known the plague and bubonic plague it describes the spread of disease that caused mass deaths throughout Britain. The disease itself was carried by fleas and spread across Europe between 1346-1353 leaving towns and city such as Siena Italy with 85% of the population wiped out. This was seen all over Europe including Britain and it can be argued economic factors was the most significant consequences of the Black Death. However there are many factors such as political, social factors and Mortality rates that were also results of the Black Death and perhaps social factors may be more significant.
"The Black Death" alone was not the only factor that was responsible for the social and economic change although it was the most important (Ziegler 234). Even without "The Black Death" continued deterioration in Europe would have been likely. The social and economic change had already set in well before 1346. For at least twenty-five years before "The Black Death," exports, agricultural production, and the area of cultivated land had all been shrinking. "The Black Death" contributed a large part to all of this destruction and led to important changes in the social and economic structure of the country (Ziegler 234-235). The plague touched every aspect of social life (Herlihy 19). There was hardly a generation that was not affected by the plague (www.jefferson.village.virginia.edu). Families were set against each other - the well rejecting the sick (www.byu.edu). Families left each other in fear. Many people died without anyone looking after them. When the plague appeared in a house, frightened people abandoned the house and fled to another (www.jefferson.village.virginia.edu). Due to this, the plague spread more rapidly because people were not aware that being in the same house with the infected person had already exposed them to it. Physicians could not be found because they had also died. Physicians who could be found wanted large sums of money before they entered the house (www.jefferson.village.virginia.edu). When the
European economy and society changed drastically following the Black Death. Because so many people had died, there was a huge labor shortage. This contributed to the end of the feudal system, since serfs could often leave their manors and make a better living in cities. In addition to better work opportunities, survivors of the plague had a surplus of material goods. Many of the dead had left behind entire estates and other belongings. These goods were available through inheritance and looting. At this time, the pawnshop business, made famous by the Medici family, became extremely successful. Through these factors, Europe experienced an overall rise in its standard of living.
10. Black Death The black death arrived in Europe in October of 1347. It was brought by twelve Genoese trading ships that docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a lengthy expedition through the Black Sea. The people that were gathered on the docks to meet the twelve ships
Significant events cause society to change in many ways and the Black Death was no exception. The Black Death raged through Europe from 1347 to 1351 killing over 25 million people, almost 50% of the population at the time . The Black Death influenced European society in numerous ways, which have changed the future we currently live in. The Black Death led to medical advancements, weakening in the power of the church and the refining of the feudal system. The Black Death was a time of death and destruction however changes happening at the time benefitted society and led to an age of happiness and prosperity.
With labor shortages apparent, people began to starve due to a lack of farming because people had abandoned their farms and villages. The *Serfs at the time were the main laborers, and due to the inevitable plague they were no longer tied to their masters of land. Due to the economic strain at the time, Serfs who survived were able to demand higher wages and better working conditions from their new landlords (Utah State University). Therefore, worker’s wages had skyrocketed. It was known that “a reaper was not to be hired for less than eightpence [a day, 50-75% up], plus his meals,” (The Economist). This eventually led to the end of Serfdom and the start of workers rights in Europe. This in turn socially changed the way people felt about the different socioeconomic classes due to the Peasant's Revolt (Utah State University). The need for better working conditions and situations for Serfs forever changed Europe.
The peasants in Germany were “aggrieved by the appropriation by individuals of meadows and fields which at one time belonged to a community” (1) because what was shared land was now taken exclusively by the landholders to grow cash crops and to prevent the peasants from supplementing themselves in a time of shortages. The Little Ice age had made crops more unreliable, and although it was a natural event that caused this dearth of food, the landholders required the peasants to toil much harder. This increase in already strenuous labor caused disease, death, and overworked peasants, which lead to decreases in production and population. The infectious and fatal Black Death also caused people to be more susceptible to disease and inevitably death. The peasants in Bohemia worked laboriously because Eastern Europe was heavily dependent on agriculture sales to Western Europe. The productivity on farms was imperative for economic balance in Europe, due to the current increase in urbanization. Document 4 does show that the government was interested in investigating these severe conditions, although they were unaware that the nobles did not “have the best intentions” (4) for the peasants. Originally, the government agreed to this serfdom, because it was returned with loyalty for the ruler, but the labors have gotten much worse.
Black Death The black death had many effects on the middle ages in a political, economic, social, and religious aspect. It was believed to have been spread by rats and fleas. It was also spread airborne through the lungs. Although some people may argue that the black plague affected the middle ages the most in an economic sense, it affected the middle ages more in a religious sense. Therefore affecting the movement of the middle ages into the modern era.
Peasants were quite poor before the plague since they were not paid as much until the plague happened. Peasants usually got raises since most of them kept dying and it was starting to be really hard to find a peasant that would not die of the plague. This lead more peasants to have more money. A quote from Matteo Villani, a historian from Florence, Italy. The quote is about how the price doubled or more for everything that you bought during and after the plague. This definitely affected the the people since business flourished while the wealthy lords and nobles lost money. A law that King Edward III made in 1351 after the black plague, was that peasants could not make anymore than they did before the outbreak. This lead peasants to become much more poor and start uprise later on, and this made the lords and nobles happy because they did not have to spend that much money on the staff. King Edward made this law because he realised the peasants were making money and the wealthy were losing money which he did not like. A 14th century record of the Savarnak House in England shows peasant wages before and after the black death. The records show from the year 1300 where they got paid 1.5d to 1361 when they got paid 3d. Their price doubled in the just of span of 60
What effects did the black plague have on medieval Europe? The black plague had many effects on medieval Europe after it killed 31% of their population. These effects were harsh on most people and it did have some benefits but they were very small one to very few people. Some of these effects were that people lost their faith in the church, most of the high class people were beginning to become very poor and the lower class people, or the peasants, were starting to become rich, and many Jewish people were murdered.
The black death Good morning class, today I will be talking about the black death. And what effect it had in England. The effect was both negative and positive for the social political and economically. The black death started for 1348 to 1381 when the peasants started to revolt. A positive affect there was a lot of land because 30-50 percent of people died in England from this which accounts for more jobs as we’ll and higher wages. This meant that the food price went higher as there were less people to work the fields. This lead to the feudal system not working as no-one worked for food but money and you were free if you lived in a town for 366 days.
The Black Death, according to Joseph P Byrne, was “a deadly epidemic that spread across Asia and Europe beginning in mid 1300’s.” It did not take long for the plague to make a big impact on the world. “By the spring of 1348, the Black Death, also known as