Instillation Instillation medications come in the form of drops or ointments and can be instilled via the eyes, nose or ears. Drops can be used for ear or eye infections. Nose sprays are used for treating for example hay fever.
2.4 Explain the different routes of medicine administration. The route in which a medication is administered is the ‘path’ that the drug/substance/fluid/poison is taken into the body these include:-
She used to have a cream, but now has an ointment. What is the difference? Creams Ointments Water Based Oil Based Less Greasier Greasy Absorbs quicker Stays in the skin longer For dry itchy skin Extremely Dry Skin Moisturize skin Keeps moisture in the skin (Seals) Explain the purposes, advantages, and disadvantages of the different routes of drug administration Enteral Route- The purpose is
NB: for the purpose of this answer it is assumed a physician is required perform the injections.
As with any other department or unit, the least invasive measures are attempted firsthand and invasive measures are reserved as a last resort. With that being said, it has been shown that dexamethasone sodium phosphate for injection (DSPI) is effective given orally as well as the intramuscular route (Toledo, Amato, Clarke, Reitz, & Salo, 2015). So when dealing with pediatric patients the oral route is preferred. The problem arises when there has not been proper training beforehand for the staff that administers the medication. Many pediatric urgent care clinics stock DSPI, and the vial is intentionally and clearly labeled for injectable use only. So if a provider requests this medication to a new nurse or a nurse that does not have prior
This medication is injected under the skin or into a muscle which is usually done by a professional health care provider in a private clinic or hospital. However, when
Hello Class, The four common parenteral routes of administration are intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous injection. In parenteral routes the skin is broken and the risk of infection is high. The parenteral route that are normally taken by physicians are intra-arterial, intra-cardiac, intraperitoneal, intrathecal, and intra-sternal. Also, keep in mind that when administering any route that is not rectal or oral routes they are known as a parenteral route.
Injectable drugs need to be sterile and the dose is typically more precise because of the direct route into the blood stream. Premixed
The order I would place the drug administration would start with Intravenous (IV) method, this method is taking the drug exactly to the vein and it enters the bloodstreams right then and to your brain. This method takes less than one minute. The next one I choose would be inhaling,
This type is used to insert the needle and inject medication into the muscle tissue. Sites of injection include the Gluteal sites (buttocks), vastus lateralis muscle, and rectus femoris muscle (hips), and Deltoid (upper arm). A Z-track injection is used for drugs that can become irritating, like Iron Dextran. This is a method that is used to help the drugs from leakage in the subcutaneous layer and help the absorption of the medication. A 16-gauge needle is used to administer into the gluteal muscle medication, like Magnesium Sulfate. The safe way to administer injectable medication is to first was hands, put gloves on, locate the site and sterilize it with an alcohol pad. Then once location is determined and clean you should tap on the site, the reason for this is to stimulate the nerve in which can help lower the pain as the needle is inserted. The needle must be inserted with your strongest arm at the right angle degree. Use your other hand with less strength to help lift the muscle tissue before inserting needle and have another alcohol pad which also can be held with the same hand at the same time. Once the needle is inserted you must us your weakest hand to aspirate (pull back on plunger) to make sure there is no
Some different types of material and equipment that may be needed for the administration of medication via the different routes include; medicine spoons, oral syringe, measuring pots, gloves, droppers, syringe, tablet cutter, inhalers, nebuliser, needles, hypodermic needles etc.. The purpose of things such as medicine spoons, oral syringes and measuring pots it to accurately measure out medication in liquid form. The function of medicine spoons and oral syringes is to administer accurately measures amount of liquid medication orally; it makes it easier to do so. The purpose
A syringe needle is a vital piece of equipment in the medical community. Needles are utilized to withdraw blood and other bodily fluids for the purpose of medical testing. They are also a hygienic way to clean debris from an open wound and administer medication to an IV line that
Everyone is different, so everyone has a preferred way of doing things. If someone is elderly, or a newborn baby, it would be too difficult for them to swallow a oral med, or too uncomfortable for them. For them, an injection would be much better, and an easier route of administration. If someone were in their later teen years to at least forty I think that they would prefer the oral method the best. I know that I would. I think that no matter how young or old you are an injection could work the best as long as you are aware of the weight and age of your patient, and the medications that they're taking. However there is a downside. You have to watch a smaller frames individuals BMI because if it's too low, and their weight is too low, then
tissue. 2.) Sublingual- placing the tablet under the tounge or between the cheeks(buccal route) should be small and lipid sloubile Advantages are fast absorbing, less first pass effect, and drug no longer has any effect when spit
Key words: Gastro retentive drug delivery system, non-floating system, floating system, evaluation parameters INTRODUCTION: Despite the tremendous advancement in drug delivery, oral route is the most preferred route to the systemic circulation due to the ease of administration, low cost of drug, patient compliance and flexibility in formulation. About 90% of all drugs used to produce systemic effects are administered by oral route. Of the drugs that are administered orally, solid oral dosage forms represent the preferred class of products. Tablets are the most common type of