First, a large share repurchase will significantly increase shareholders’ percentage ownership of BKI. BKI has been under levered for decades. The company acquisitions of several small manufacturers made shareholders’ equity be diluted even more. In other words, shareholders, especially the main shareholders in Blaine’s board, are paying for BKI’s over-liquidity. This share repurchase will not only give the board more flexibility to allot dividends, but will lead to a stable development of BKI’s business in the long run.
Hampton Machine Tool Company 1. Why can't a profitable firm like Hampton repay its loan on time and why does it need more bank financing? What major developments between November 1978 and August 1979 contributed to this situation? A/ Hampton Machine Tool Company was unable to repay its loan on time due to
2. It seems like this dividend decision is a big deal. Do shareholders generally prefer firms that pay dividends? Do you think EMI shareholders would pay more if EMI promised a 6p dividend?
- In 5 years, Crocs’ multiple is equal to EV (2011)/ EBITDA (2011) =7154/791=9.044248. Comparable What changes in the growth assumptions would rationalize the new Crocs stock price? (Please see Appendix: Valuation Calculation) The change in the growth assumption has significant impact on the stock price. Under the high estimate of growth rate 236%, the new price per share is $107.56. Under the low estimate of growth rate 35%, the new price per share is $2.36.
The dividend policy has grown over the years. This may be so that the company projects itself as a less risky share and thus also gaining investors faith. The investors buy its shares and thus increase its demand. This helps to gives positive signals to the investors signalling that the company is stable and can generate earnings steadily. This hypothesis is gains standing from the dividend hypothesis theory.
Question 3 A high dividend payout policy reduces the rate of growth in earnings, g = br. For any rate of return on investment (r), the larger the payout ratio (the smaller the value of b), the slower the rate of growth. Lumber firms in general (Georgia Atlantic is an exception) have approximately a 35 percent payout ratio. Since the other companies have, on average, been growing at a rate of about 7 percent annually over the last twenty years, versus an average growth rate of 2.47 percent for Georgia Atlantic, it is clear that Georgia Atlantic's ROE on investment is substantially below the industry average.
In light of the situation mentioned above, FPL has to ensure that it has the resources available to meet future competition where one of the determinants of winning or retaining new business may be price. Hence, its dividend payout policy must be modified to account for these industry changes.
By cutting dividends, FPL can react better to future threats. After an initial panic selling triggered by the news shock (FPL never cut its dividend in the past 47 years), investors will process the new information realized that the dividend cut is balanced by an increased growth rate in the future. To justify the HOLD recommendation on the
The second method to distribute extra cash is through a share repurchase. Share repurchase means a company buys its shares back from the market or from those shareholders who are willing to tender such shares. The buyback methodology is used primarily when companies such as Ford believe that their share price is undervalued. Buying back its stock will help Ford to increase its share price by promoting greater interest in its stock. However, we cannot effectively increase company’s liquidity through a conventional share repurchase. And also for traditional stock buyback, it usually will take years of time to executive. In Ford case, stock buyback option will put Ford’s family’s voting power in the company at risk.
Dividend Irrelevance Theory- Modigliani & Miller (1961) Since the emergence of the so-called irrelevance theorem by Miller and Modigliani (1961), many corporations are puzzled about why some firms pay dividends while others do not. They were the first to study the effect of dividend policy on the market value of firms by assuming that there are no market imperfections. Miller and Modigliani (1961) proposed that divided policy chosen by a firm has no significant relationship in as far as the market valuation of the firm is concerned. They went further to explain that; the shareholders wealth remains unchanged irrespective of how the firm distributes it income because the firms’ value is rather determined by their investment policies and the earning power of its assets. They further stated that the opportunity to earn abnormal returns in the market does not exist, that is, owners are entitled to the normal market returns adjusted for risk.
CASE CONTEXT New World Chemicals, Inc. (NWC) hired Sue Wilson as its new financial manager and consequently, Ms. Wilson has to produce a sound financial forecast for the company. PROBLEM DEFINITION In producing the financial forecast for NWC, Ms. Wilson has to determine the following: Additional funds needed (AFN) Free cash flow In relation to the
Another objection refers to the fact of creating a funded dividend reserve. The point is why have so much free cash flows if there aren’t any investments opportunities and eventually the money will go to the stockholders anyway. This can be a very good remark that must be taken in consideration.