marxism in the necklace

1512 WordsMar 12, 20147 Pages
Textual Analysis of “The Necklace” In “The Necklace”, Guy de Maupassant uses a woman’s life, and very important event in it, to depict the Marxism of his or her lifetime, especially amongst women. He uses comparisons and downfalls of her life to depict society’s shortcomings and beliefs of class. Marxism looks at the economic and social structures of a society and the draws attention to the struggles between the classes. A Marxist might believe that people are born as creations of economical or social positions. Born to a family of clerks, Mrs. Mathilde Louise was beautiful by looks, but felt as if she was not because she could not afford to dress well, eat well, or live well. She felt everything she had was ugly and until she was rich…show more content…
She wants and is obsessed with what she believes she should have, but does not. She dream of being part of the rich society and in a way this necklace made her feel as if she was part of it. This piece of expensive and beautiful jewelry showed social structure and classes and how they worked, but so did her actions, thoughts, and how she carried herself at the ball. When it was time for the ball Guy de Maupassant uses Mathilde to show Marxism again by the way she acts and carries herself. The story says "She danced with delight, with passion, intoxicated with pleasure, thinking of nothing, in the triumph of her beauty, in the glory of her success, in a sort of cloud of happiness made up of all these tributes, of all the admirations, of all these awakened desires, of this victory so complete and so sweet to a woman’s heart." (Maupassant, 70). The ball itself was a peak into the life of the upper class and she thought that this was what the upper class life was about. In her mind the rich life was a big ball or party in a sense, people had depicted in her mind and made her believe this is what it is like. He depicted her as being in heaven almost in her dreams but it was real, for that small amount of time she could be who she had always wanted to be but the next day she was still married to a clerk schoolteacher. After the ball she realizes that she has lost the thing that brought her up to the upper class, the necklace. After the party Mathilde

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