neuman

5052 Words Oct 22nd, 2014 21 Pages
THEORETIC ANALYSIS OF THE NEUMAN SYSTEMS MODEL
BY
SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
NURSING 5120 - THEORY ORIENTED NURSING PRACTICE
Theoretic Analysis of the Neuman Systems Model
Part 1
A. Theorist’s Background
Betty Neumans’ desire to become a nurse resulted from personal experiences that occurred early in her life. The excellent nursing care provided to her father during his illness and her mother’s experiences as a midwife are two things that motivated her to join the profession. According to Butts & Rich (2015), Neuman received her diploma in nursing in 1947 from People’s Hospital School of Nursing; she later continued her education at UCLA obtaining her bachelor’s degree in 1957 and
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Such variables are physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental and spiritual. Protection of these variables from external stressors is conducive to maintain viability and prevent disruption of the client system. Lines of both resistance and defense encircle the basic structure and serve as protective mechanisms against external stressors. The environment includes all influences and factors, internal and external that surround the client system or client (Neuman & Fawcett, 2011). In Neumans’ model, an internal and external created environment are identified. According to Neuman (2011), the internal environment consists of all factors or influences located within the client. In contrast, the external environment includes all external factors or influences (Newman, 2011). The created environment is one that is developed unconsciously by the client in response to influences from both the internal and external environments. Health or wellness, according to Neuman & Fawcett (2011) is viewed as a continuum; wellness and illness are on opposite ends of the continuum. The amount of client energy available determines the location of wellness or illness on the continuum. If the client is in a state of wellness, more energy is available than is expended (Neuman, 2011). The wellness state of the client system progresses to illness as energy is expended to adapt
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