new zealand politics 1984-1993 Essay

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On July 6 1984, the fourth Labour government were elected into parliament after defeating the National party in a snap election. 1984 can be regarded as a major turning point in New Zealand political history in the sense that significant political changes affected the whole of the New Zealand society, economy and political structure. New Zealand government’s experimented with radical Neoliberal policy programmes to achieve economic and social progress during this period. The essay shall discuss the central features of the process of policy change over the period of 1984 to 1993 in New Zealand. These reforms were among the most sweeping in scope and scale within any industrialised democracy. There are a significant number of historical…show more content…
Thus, the author suggests that “the representation of interests is shaped by collective actors and institutions that bear the shape of their own history” (Immergut 1998: 17). It is important to analyse the role of institutional arrangements in the development of national economies in New Zealand and Australia, and assesses their reaction to the pressures brought by the processes of social and economic reforms. It presents the main theoretical traditions in comparative political study, thus, one can apply these theoretical perspectives to the study of Australasian economies. In the early 1980s, both countries elected labour governments after long periods of conservative rule (Castles, 1996:96). In response to international economic demands, these governments introduced market-orientated reforms. Four major institutional characteristics of these two democracies shall be scrutinised further, including the various structures of the political system, the welfare state and the relationship between organised interests and the state (Castles, 1996:97). This essay is particularly concerned with the extent, direction and causes of changes in these four institutional arrangements in the period 1984-1993, in a comparative study of New Zealand and Australia. North identifies that institutional change took place in many cases, but it has been path-dependent and incremental (1990: 89). The level to which institutions played a fundamental
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