o Type of healthcare worker: Nurse practitioner o When this type of work entered the market: The

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o Type of healthcare worker: Nurse practitioner o When this type of work entered the market: The medical profession of nurse practitioner was developed in the mid 1960s. The job of nurse practitioners grew from implementing work from primary care physicians into that of traditional nurses. o Reasons for creation and growth: In the late 1950s and early 1960s, increased specialization amongst physicians was taking place, which led to many doctors exploring other avenues of medicine, resulting in a large shortage of physicians practicing primary care. This left many rural and inner city areas with very limited access to medical care. During this same time, Medicaid and Medicare programs were growing rapidly and increasing the number of…show more content…
Also, the mean salary for family care MDs is substantially higher than that of NPs. Research concludes that when things such as cost of education, salaries, and productivity measures are taken into account, nurse practitioners are more cost efficient providers of quality care, which makes their value within the market very beneficial, important, and in demand. Overall, multiple studies have shown that because of these reasons, care provided by nurse practitioners, as compared to physicians, reduce the cost of healthcare. o Clinical implications: Nurse practitioners deliver safe and effective high quality care to a large population of patients that is in most cases just as effective as physicians. Studies from randomized clinical trials reveal that patient outcomes in areas such as satisfaction, mortality, and physical and emotion functioning of patients being tended to by NPs were equivalent to those seeing MDs. It was also noted that in some cases there were better results among NPs when it came to patient follow-ups, assessment, satisfaction, and consultation time. These favorable outcomes from multiple studies reaffirm that nurse practitioners improve clinical outcomes in the fact that they provide equally as effective care as physicians in a more cost efficient manner and increase access within the demanding nature of primary care. o Political

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