phase of perioperative care beginning with the decision to perform surgery and continuing until the

700 WordsApr 23, 20193 Pages
phase of perioperative care beginning with the decision to perform surgery and continuing until the client reaches the operating area. Starts off whether the patient wants to perform the surgery then continues until the patient reaches the operating area. When a patient is admitted into ambulatory surgery or short before surgery the time for preoperative assessment, nursing diagnoses, and evaluation of the nursing management may be limited. It’s important to recognize the patient’s immediate preoperative needs. Although, the preparation for the surgery is still required by the nursing process. Assessment: in preoperative care it requires a complete assessment of the patient. The assessments differ based on the importance of the surgery and…show more content…
Preoperative Teaching: during preoperative period its best to teach the patient about their surgical procedure and probabilities before and after the surgery. During this time the patients are alert and free. It’s better for the patient and their family if they know what to expect so they can participate in the recovery. Nurses alter the instructions given and explains them to the patient to they are able to understand them properly. The teaching plan helps the nurse assess the patient’s perception. Once the patient understands what they have to do in order to recover quicker than they are most likely to follow the preoperative instructions and cooperate with the healthcare team members. The information given in the preoperative plan varies with the type of surgery and the length of the hospitalization. Examples of information to include in preoperative teaching: Preoperative medications—when they are given and their effects, Postoperative pain control, Explanation and description of the postanesthesia recovery room or postsurgical area, Discussion of the frequency of assessing vital signs and use of monitoring equipment. Preoperative Preparation: for preoperative care it is essential that the patient is prepared for surgery both physically and psychosocially. Preoperative Medications: anesthesiologists frequently order preoperative medications. Before administering

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