planning and controlling

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PLANNING
To establish and operate an effective organization, all managers perform several major functions or activities. These functions enable managers to create a positive work environment and to provide the opportunities and incentives. The key management functions include

-Planning
-Organizing
-Directing
-Controlling.

Each of these functions are critical to the success of any manager and organizations.

The primary function of the four is PLANNING.

Planning is the process of analyzing the situation, determining the goals/ objectives that will be pursued in the future, and deciding in advance the actions that will be taken to achieve the goals.

The following are the steps involved in PLANNING PROCESS
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It is an important function because it helps to check the errors and to take the corrective action so that deviation from standards are minimized and stated goals of the organization are achieved in a desired manner.
According to modern concepts, control is a foreseeing action whereas earlier concept of control was used only when errors were detected. Control in management means setting standards, measuring actual performance and taking corrective action.

The Importance of Control for a manager are as follows:
(1) Reduces Risk:
Control eliminates the risk of non-conformity of actual performance with the main goals of the organization. Control is the function which regulates the operation to ensure the attainment of the set objectives.
Regular measurement of work in progress with proper adjustments in operations puts the performance on the right track and helps in the achievement of goals.

(2) Basis for future action:
Control provides the information and facts to the management for planning and organizing when the work is completed and the result is evaluated. In fact, evaluation of results helps the management replant for non-repetitive operations and rewarding, punishing and discipline the workers.
It would be better to say that future long term planning is not possible unless and until control information is available in time to the managers for the operation of work.
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