Essay about quiz 4 study guide

3782 WordsJul 24, 201416 Pages
1. A broad view of Skinner’s view of the nature of people is that: a. Children change because people love them b. Children change because of their experiences c. Children change because they can identify their emotions d. Children change because their self-talk is modified 2. Reductionism refers to: a. telescoping actions to the smallest, final source b. telescoping people to their evolutionary continuity c. telescoping people to their primary emotions d. telescoping people to their automatic thoughts 3. Behavioral counseling is an: a. Dream interpretive therapy b. Script analysis therapy c. Active, directive therapy d. Evolutionary interpretive therapy 4. In behavioral therapy knowing the origins of psychological…show more content…
One states six steps in which the counselor and child work through the problem, collect data, and set goals. This method is which of the following a. self-management. b. role playing. c. contingency contracting. d. shaping. 17. Another counseling method used by behaviorists consists of giving points for certain target behaviors that are correct or are close approximations. This method is known as: a. biofeedback. b. modeling. c. shaping. d. token economics. 18. Which of the following would you be using if you had just been thrown off a horse and were forced to get back on? a. systematic desensitization b. hypnosis c. counter-conditioning d. internal inhibition 19. According to principles used in behavioral counseling to change behavior, it is necessary to: a. identify reinforcing stimuli. b. identify underlying needs. c. increase client awareness. d. explore historical causes. 20. Which of the following statements about punishment is true? a. Punishment (if not harsh) may be effective if it is instructional. b. Punishment usually promotes more effective behavior. c. Punishment may produce undesirable side effects. d. Punishment may be a permanent solution. 21. According to behaviorist principles, adults can increase their capacity for modifying the behavior of children by: a. listening carefully. b. avoiding snap judgments. c. avoiding pretending to pay attention. d. catching them

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