re various reasons behind young people joining street gangs. One of the reasons young people

800 WordsApr 23, 20194 Pages
re various reasons behind young people joining street gangs. One of the reasons young people join street gangs is because of neighborhood disadvantages. A theory that can contribute to why young people might join street gangs is Social Disorganization Theory. Social Disorganization theory assumes that “delinquency emerges in neighborhoods where neighborhood relation and social institutions have broken down and can no longer maintain effective social controls (Bell, 2007).” Social Disorganization contributes to residential instability and poverty, which affects interpersonal relationships within the community and opens opportunities for crimes to be committed. The break down of neighborhood relation and social institutions create a…show more content…
By joining a gang young people are able to obtain a sense of belonging, feel important, and seek family support. Another reasons that contribute to young people joining street gangs are because they are unable to achieve the socially prescribed goal of becoming successful and wealthy. Young people who are deviant and join street gangs more often than not tend to be from lower class families. Anomie theory of deviance explains, “Deviance is an adaption of socially prescribed goals or of the norms governing their attainment, or both (Shaefer and Haaland, 2011, p. 154).” Young people who are lower class usually do not get the same opportunities as upper class people to achieve the socially prescribed goal of becoming successful and wealthy. Such as having the opportunity of receiving a “high-quality education and training for skilled work (Shaefer and Haaland 2011, p. 154).” So young people become innovators and achieve goals by joining street gangs. Street gangs can be seen as innovation because they use criminal activity to become successful. Street gangs provide an easy outlet to become wealthy in a short amount of time, by taking part in various criminal activates, which can range from drug dealing all the to murder. Being labeled as deviant is also a reason that contributes to young people joining street gangs. Young people can be labeled as criminals based on a variety of reasons such as how
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