religion in the colonies

773 WordsNov 21, 20134 Pages
Since the very first colony was founded in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia, religion played a very important role in America. Nine of the thirteen colonies had established churches. Having an established church meant you paid taxes for the support of that church whether or not you were a member. The colonies with official state or established churches of the Congregational (Puritan) church denomination consisted of Maine, Connecticut, and Vermont. Colonies that remained a part of the original Church of the England were Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and New York. John Calvin had a major influence on the English colonies in America. Calvin was a Frenchmen who broke from the Catholic Church…show more content…
To Cotton, “the visible church had the task of educating the mass of believers in the spirit of the true religious ideal and the government [shall be] sovereign.”3 He felt that there should be one uniform religion, Puritan, and that God should be the only one to make rules for the Christian people. He believed that a democracy for the church would only make people more inferior to those who were apart of the government. As the colonies began to become less close to their European home front in England and the Church of England, many people began to stray away from the traditional Church of England and join and even create new dominations. So many changes took place in religion and politics that it emphasizes the fact that, “New England was rapidly moving from a state of homogenous Puritanism to heterogeneous colonialism.” 4 The Great Awakening and the Enlightenment played a huge part in the new society and government in the
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